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Indian Polity Quiz for IAS Preparation - Fundamental Duties

Sep 17, 2016 17:24 IST

    Indian Polity considered as one of the important subjects of UPSC IAS Exam Syllabus in terms of its scope and applicability in dealing with the matters of day to day life. Here, we have provided Indian Polity Study Material in quiz form, go throug it and take the advantages.

    1. Consider the following statements about “Fundamental Duties”:
    A. They are not enforceable by Law, hence Parliament can’t provide for the imposition of appropriate penalty or punishment for failure to fulfil any of them.
    B. They help the courts in examining and determining the constitutional validity of a Law.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. Only A                        
    b. Only B
    c. Both A and B
    d. None of these

    Answer: b

    Explanation:


    Though the rights and duties of the citizens are correlative and inseparable, the original constitution contained only the fundamental rights and not the fundamental duties. In other words, the framers of the Constitution did not feel it necessary to incorporate the fundamental duties of the citizens in the Constitution.

    However, they incorporated the duties of the State in the Constitution in the form of Directive Principles of State Polity. Later in 1976, the fundamental duties of citizens were added in the Constitution. In 2002, one more Fundamental Duty was added.

    2. Which of the following statements is true with respect to 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act?
    1. Fundamental Duties were incorporated into the Constitution of India by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976
    2. Ten Fundamental Duties were included by this Amendment
    3. The 11th Fundamental Duty was incorporated by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002

    Select the correct answer using the code given below.
    a. 1 and 2 only
    b. 1 and 3 only
    c. 2 and 3 only
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:


    In 1976, the Congress Party set up the Sardar Swaran Singh Committee to make recommendations about fundamental duties, the need and necessity of which was felt during the operation of the internal emergency (1975–1977). The committee recommended the inclusion of a separate chapter on fundamental duties in the Constitution. It stressed that the citizens should become conscious that in addition to the enjoyment of rights, they also have certain duties to perform as well. The Congress Government at Centre accepted these recommendations and enacted the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act in 1976.

    This amendment added a new part, namely, Part IVA to the Constitution. This new part consists of only one Article, that is, Article 51A which for the first time specified a code of ten fundamental duties of the citizens. The ruling Congress party declared the non-inclusion of fundamental duties in the Constitution as a historical mistake and claimed that what the framers of the Constitution failed to do was being done now.

    Indian Polity Quiz for IAS Preparation- The Cabinet Committees

    3. Fundamental Duties were added on the recommendation of which committee?
    a. Swaran Singh Committee
    b. Sarkaria Committee
    c. Urjit Patel Committee
    d. Nayar Committee

    Answer: a

    Explanation:


    In 1976, the Congress Party set up the Sardar Swaran Singh Committee to make recommendations about fundamental duties, the need and necessity of which was felt during the operation of the internal emergency (1975–1977).

    The committee recommended the inclusion of a separate chapter on fundamental duties in the Constitution. It stressed that the citizens should become conscious that in addition to the enjoyment of rights, they also have certain duties to perform as well. The Congress Government at Centre accepted these recommendations and enacted the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act in 1976.

    4. Consider the following statements:
    1. The duties enumerated in Art. 51-A are non-statutory duties and are not enforceable by law.
    2. Violation of the Fundamental Duties can be met with Punishment but constitution doesn’t mention any penalty for its violation.
    3. Parliament can prescribe penalty for the violation of Specific Duties

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:
    a. 1 and 2 only
    b. 1 and 3 only
    c. 2 and 3 only
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: c

    Explanation:


    The duties enumerated in Art. 51-A are statutory duties and are enforceable by law. According to Article 51 A, it shall be the duty of every citizen of India:

    (i) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;

    (ii) to cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for freedom;

    (iii) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;

    (iv) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;

    (v) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;

    (vi) to value and preserve the rich heritage of the country’s composite culture;

    (vii) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures;

    (viii) to develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;

    (ix) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;

    (x) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement; and

    (xi) to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years. This duty was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002.

    5. Which of the following is not a Fundamental Duty?

    1. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India
    2. To exercise our Universal Adult Franchise at the time of general elections
    3.  To value and preserve rich heritage of our composite culture

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:
    a. 1 and 2 only
    b. 1 and 3 only
    c. 2 and 3 only
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: b

    Explanation:


    Refer the explanation of above question.

    7. Which of the following is not correctly matched?
          List I                                           List II

    a. Fundamental duties                         Part IV-A
    b. Directive principles of State policy    Part IV
    c. Fundamental rights                          Part III
    d. none of these

    Answer: d

    Explanation:


    The Fundamental Duties mentioned in Part VIA of the Constitution. The Directive Principles of State Policy are enumerated in Part IV of the Constitution from Articles 36 to 51.

    The Fundamental Rights are enshrined in Part III of the Constitution from Articles 12 to 35. In this regard, the framers of the Constitution derived inspiration from the Constitution of USA (i.e., Bill of Rights).

    8. Which of the following is/are true about fundamental duties?
    1. Fundamental duties are covered under Article 51A of constitution.
    2. Fundamental duties have been incorporated by Swarn Singh Committee report.
    3. There are total 11 fundamental duties mentioned in Article 51A.
    4. To safeguard private property is a fundamental duty.

    a. Only 1 and 2
    b. Only 2
    c. Only 1, 2 and 4
    d. All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:


    The Fundamental Duties mentioned in Part VIA of the Constitution. The Directive Principles of State Policy are enumerated in Part IV of the Constitution from Articles 36 to 51. The Fundamental Rights are enshrined in Part III of the Constitution from Articles 12 to 35. In this regard, the framers of the Constitution derived inspiration from the Constitution of USA (i.e., Bill of Rights).

    Click here for IAS Prelims Exam GS Polity Study Material

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