MAT September 2014 Solved Question Paper: Language Comprehension

Practice the MAT September 2014 Solved Question Paper: Language Comprehension at It covers all the questions with an answer key with explanation as well.

Created On: Aug 3, 2018 13:26 IST
MAT September 2014 Solved Question Paper Language Comprehension
MAT September 2014 Solved Question Paper Language Comprehension

Previous year papers provide the best snapshot to the student regarding what they can expect in the coming year exam. By practicing the previous year papers you can also get an overview to prepare the expected topics in a systematic manner.

In this article we will be taking an in-depth look at the Language Comprehension Section of MAT September 2014 Solved Question Paper.

So, read the questions carefully and solve the question paper to brush up your Language Comprehension skills for the upcoming MAT exam.


MAT September 2014 Solved Question Paper: Language Comprehension

Directions (Q. Nos. 1-20) Read the following passages carefully and answer the question below.

Passage I

Rising inflation, coupled with a new packaging legislation, will make price hikes of packaged foods inevitable, says the Divisional Chief Executive of ITC's foods division. On one hand the costs of inputs such as raw material, furnace oil and packaging material and even logistics have gone up, while on the other, the new packaging law that bans producers from reducing the quantity inside the packet, will leave them with no choice but to raise prices.

This new Legal Metrology Act is likely to come into force shortly. At present, FMCG companies rely on reduced quantity to tackle rising inflationary pressure on input costs rather than changing the price points owing mainly to coinage issues. The new Act will make the price-point concept impossible, he said. On the demand-supply side, he said the company had to make a lot of efforts to meet the spurt in demand for its cream biscuits.

Giving an example, he said the company's premium range offerings such as Dark Fantasy and Dream Cream Bourbon have witnessed a growth of 118% in the second quarter over the first. Even other Sunfeast premium creams have shown a growth of 72 percent in Q2 over Ql. Responding to a question on competition from global brands such as Oreo (from Kraft Foods), McVitie's from (United Biscuits), and domestic brands such as Parle and Britannia, he said international competition is a reality.

It is good, as it aids 'premiumisation' of the category. He said this has actually enriched Sunfeast's portfolio last year. On the domestic front, given the emerging trends in consumption patterns, the biscuit market offers enormous opportunities, scope for improvement both in terms of new products and segments and also in terms of operational excellence.

'The field of play is large and we are encouraged and really excited about the years ahead,' he said. At present ITC's Sunfeast is the third largest national player after Parle and Britannia. The brand has 10% cent share of the ` 15000 crore biscuit market. And, within this, in the creams segment (which accounts for over ` 3500 crore) Sunfeast commands 15% share.

1. The new Legal Metrology Act is in respect of

(a) the legalities involved in weather forecasting

(b) anything that has to be marketed in Metro cities

(c) packaging of biscuits only

(d) packaged foods in general

2. How has competition from foreign brands affected the Indian biscuit market?

A. Only the three largest manufacturers survived; while the smaller ones withered away.

B. The range of categories available to the Indian consumers has expanded.

C. The foreign brands got restricted to premium categories only; leaving the field open to domestic brands in non-premium categories.

(a) A and B

(b) B and C

(c) Only B

(d) A, B and C

3. The price-point concept discussed in the passage is referring to

(a) fixing prices of packaged foods in round figures for ease of payment at the point of purchase

(b) prices to be fixed by the government

(c) variations of prices from point-to-point in any city

(d) None of the above

4. It can be accurately inferred from the passage that

(a) Parle is the largest selling brand of biscuits in India

(b) Sunfeast is the third largest selling brand of cream biscuits in the country

(c) competition from foreign brands has adversely affected the sales of Sun feast

(d) All of the above

Passage II

The discoveries of the white dwarf, the neutron star, and the black hole, coming well after the discovery of the red giant are among the most exciting developments in decades because they may well present, physicists with their greatest challenge since the failure of classical mechanics. In the life cycle of the star, after all of the hydrogen and helium fuel has been burned, the delicate balance between the outer nuclear radiation, pressure and the stable gravitational force becomes disturbed and slow contraction begins. As compression increases, a very dense plasma forms. If the initial star had mass of less than 1.4 solar masses (1.4 times the mass of our Sun), the process ceases at the density of 1000 tonnes per cubic inch, and the star becomes the white dwarf.

However, if the star was originally more massive, the white dwarf plasma can't resist the gravitational pressures, and in rapid collapse, all nuclei of the star are converted to a gas of free neutrons. Gravitational attraction compresses this neutron gas rapidly until a density of 10 tonnes per cubic inch is reached, at this point the strong nuclear force resists further contraction. If the mass of the star was between 1.4 and a few solar masses, the process stops here, and we have a neutron star. But. if the original star was more massive than a few solar masses, even the strong nuclear forces cannot resist the gravitational crunch.

The neutrons are forced into one another to form heavier hadrons and these in turn coalesce to form heavier entities, of which we as yet know nothing. At this point, a complete collapse of the stellar mass occurs. Existing theories predict a collapse to infinite density and infinitely small dimensions. Well before this, however, the surface gravitational force would become so strong that no signal could ever leave the star. Any photon emitted would fall back under gravitational attraction and the star would become black hole in space. This gravitational collapse poses a fundamental challenge to physics.

When the most widely accepted theories predict such improbable things as infinite density and infinitely small dimensions, it simply means that we are missing some vital insight. This last happened in physics in the 1930s, when we faced the fundamental paradox concerning atomic structure. At that time, it was recognised that electrons moved in stable orbits around nuclei in atoms.

However, it was also recognised that if charge is accelerated, as it must be to remain in orbit, it radiates energy; so, theoretically, the electron would be expected eventually to spiral into the nucleus and destroy the atom. Studies centered around this paradox led to the development of quantum mechanics. It may well be that an equivalent advance awaits us in investigating the theoretical problems presented by the phenomenon of gravitational collapse.

5. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(a) offer new explanations for the collapse of stars

(b) explain the origins of black holes, neutron stars and white dwarfs

(c) compare the structure of atoms with the structure of solar system

(d) explain how the collapse of stars challenges accepted theories of physics

6. According to the passage, an imbalance arises between nuclear radiation pressure and gravitational force in stars because

(a) the density of a star increases as it ages.

(b) radiation pressure increases as a star increases in mass

(c) radiation pressure decreases when a star's fuel has been consumed

(d) the collapse of a star increases its gravitational forces

7. The author asserts that the discoveries of the white dwarf, the neutron star and the black hole are significant because these discoveries

(a) demonstrate the probability of infinite density and infinitely small dimensions

(b) pose the most comprehensive and fundamental problem found by the physicists in decades

(c) clarify the paradox suggested by the collapse of electrons into atomic nuclei

(d) establish the relationship between the mass and gravitational pressure

8. The author introduces the discussion of the paradox concerning atomic structures in order to

(a) show why it was necessary to develop quantum mechanics.

(b) compare the structure of an atom with the structure of star

(c) demonstrate the analogy that a vital insight in astrophysics is missing.

(d) illustrate the contention that improbable things do happen in astrophysics

Passage III

The villager has customarily been very conservative in his attitude and approach. He is reluctant to change his traditional way of thinking and doing things. His attitude, in many respects, is 'home-made is best'. For instance, most cattle-farmers in the villages, prefer to feed their cows and buffaloes with a home-mix comprising local oil-cakes like mustard or cottonseed, pulses, jaggery, salt, etc. It. takes numerous visits, hard-convincing, daily trials and experiments to convince the rural cattle farmer that compound feeds, scientifically formulated, improve the yields of milk, without any incremental costs.

The age-old values and attitudes towards caste, creed, women, time and money take time to change. The villager has traditionally been a believer in the philosophy of 'Karma' or fate. He has found it more convenient to blame his economic destitution, poor living conditions, and straitened social status on 'bhagya', 'karma' or 'fate'. The security that the villagers find in the 'status quo', acts as a discentive to change and experiment, in the short run. Many of these antiquated attitudes, value-systems and outlooks are changing, due to improved levels of awareness and education. However, the rate of change is sluggish. Attitudes that have fossilised over the centuries, do take time to change.

9. When will you call a person conservative in his attitude and approach?

(a) When he would like to try out every new idea before accepting it

(b) When he sticks to old ways of thinking and doing

(c) When he solves his problems through tried out methods

(d) When he imputes motives to change-agents

10. What does the phrase home-made is the best, imply?

(a)  Whatever is being practised is better than what is new

(b)  The best should not be discarded

(c)   Change for the sake of change is not good

(d)  People should go in for Swadeshi because it is home-made

11. What is the best method to convince the average Indian villager about the superiority of a new cattle-feed?

(a) Home-visits

(b) Field demonstration

(c) Discussion

(d) Distribution of related literature

12. Which of the following is not the usual reason offered by an average Indian villager for his poverty?

(a) It is his destiny

(b) It is because of his resistance to new ideas

(c) It is God's will

(d) It is a result of some of his bad deeds committed in this or the previous birth

Passage IV

Nearly two thousand years have passed since a census decreed by Caesar Augustus became part of the greatest story ever told. Many things have changed in the intervening years. The hotel industry worries more about overbuilding than overcrowding, and if they had to meet an unexpected influx, few inns would have a manager to accommodate the weary guests. Now it is the census taker that does the traveling in the fond hope that a highly mobile population will stay put long enough to get a good sampling. Methods of gathering, recording, and evaluating information have presumably been improved a great deal.

And where then it was the modest purpose of Rome to obtain a simple head count as an adequate basis for levying taxes, now batteries of complicated statistical series furnished by Governmental agencies and private organisations are eagerly scanned and interpreted by sages and seers to get a clue to future events. The Bible does not tell us how the Roman census takers made out, and as regards our more immediate concern, the reliability of present-day economic forecasting, there are considerable differences of opinion.

They were aired at the celebration of the 125th anniversary of the American Statistical Association. There was the thought that business forecasting might well be on its way from an art to a science, and some speakers talked about newfangled computers and high-falutin mathematical systems in terms of excitement and endearment which we, at least in our younger years when these things mattered, would have associated more readily with the description of a fair maiden.

But others pointed to the deplorable record of highly esteemed forecasts and forecasters with a batting average below that of the Mets, and the President-elect of the Association cautioned that 'high powered statistical methods are usually in order where the facts are crude and inadequate, the exact contrary of what crude and inadequate statisticians assume.'

We left his birthday party somewhere between hope and despair and with the conviction, not really newly acquired, that proper statistical methods applied to ascertainable facts have their merits in economic forecasting as long as neither forecaster nor public is deluded into mistaking the delineation of probabilities and trends for a prediction of certainties of mathematical exactitude.

13. The passage would be most likely to appear in

(a) a journal of biblical studies

(b) an introductory college textbook on statistics

(c) the annual report of the American Statistical Association

(d) a newspaper review of a recent professional festivity

14. According to the passage, taxation in Roman times was based on

(a) mobility

(b) wealth

(c) population

(d) census takers recommendations

15. The author refers to the Mets primarily in order to

(a) show that sports do not depend on statistics

(b) provide an example of an unreliable statistics

(c) contrast verifiable and unverifiable methods of record keeping.

(d) illustrate the failure of statistical predictions

16. On the basis of the passage, it can be inferred that the author would agree with which of the following statements?

(a) Computers have significantly improved the application of statistics in business

(b) At present time, statistics is not a science

(c) It is useless to try to predict the economy

(d) Most mathematical systems are inexact

Passage V

Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea of the economic market when he said that the free enterprise system is the most efficient economic system. Maximum freedom means maximum productiveness:our 'openness' is to be the measure of our stability. Fascination with this ideal has made Americans defy the 'Old World' categories of settled possessiveness versus unsettling deprivation; the cupidity of retention versus the cupidity of seizure, a 'status quo' defended or attacked.

The United States, it was believed, had no status quo ante. Our only 'station' was the turning of a stationary wheel, spinning faster and faster. We did not base our system on property but opportunity—which meant we based it not on stability but on mobility. The more things changed, that is, the more rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would be. The conventional picture of class politics is composed of the Haves, who want a stability to keep what they have, and the Have-Nots who want a touch of instability and change; in which to scramble for the things they have not. But Americans imagined a condition in which speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change.

The non-starters were considered the ones who wanted stability, a strong referee to give them some position in the race, a regulative hand to calm manic speculation; and authority that can call things to a halt, begin things again from compensatorily staggered 'starting lines.' 'Reform' in America has been sterile because it can imagine no change except through the extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclusion of competitors, 'a piece of the action,' as it were, for the disenfranchised.

There is no attempt to call off the race. Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honour the quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability. There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk; no stable industrial work force of the people who actually make the system work. There is no pride in being an employee; Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employee.

There has been no boasting about our social workers—they are merely signs of the system's failure, of opportunity denied or not taken, of things to be eliminated. We have no pride in our growing interdependence, in the fact that our system can serve others, that we are able to help those in need; empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements, make us try to forget or deny them, move away from them. There is no honour but in the Wonderland race, we must all run, all trying to win, none winning in the end (for there is no end).

17. According to the passage, 'Old World' values were based on

(a) ability

(b) property

(c) family connections

(d) guild hierarchies

18. In the context of the author's discussion of regulating change, which of the following could be most probably regarded as a 'strong referee' in the United States?

(a) A school principal

(b) A political theorist

(c) A federal court judge

(d) A social worker

19. The author sets off the word 'Reform' with quotation marks in order to

(a) emphasise its departure from the concept of settled possessiveness

(b) show his support for a systematic programme of change

(c) underscore the flexibility and even amorphousness of United States society

(d) assert that reform in the United States has not been fundamental

20. It can be inferred from the passage that the author most probably thinks that giving the disenfranchised 'a piece of the action' is a/an

(a) compassionate, if misdirected, legislative measure

(b) example of Americans' resistance to profound social change

(c) innovative programme for genuine social reform

(d) monument to the efforts of industrial reformers

Directions (Q. Nos. 21-23) Fill in the blanks

21. There was a_____ all about the palace, and the_____ concerned the security guards.

(a) gift, distribution

(b) silence, quiet

(c) tranquil, temper

(d) feast, circulation

22. Most young children are highly conformist and will __________ a classmate whose appearance or manners are____________ .

(a) ostracise, conventional

(b) emulate, different

(c) shun, unusual

(d) deride, ordinary

23. Though the law's______ purpose is to curtail false advertising, its actual result is to free ___ speech.

(a) erroneous, eschew

(b) ostensible, characterise

(c)  illicit, reconcile

(d) recalcitrant, repress

Directions (Q. Nos. 24-27) Choose the order of the sentences marked A, B, C, D and E to form a logical paragraph.


A: A brain child of the Bihar Government, Bihar Diwas was first celebrated in 2010

B: The state Government declared a holiday to mark the occasion

C: On 22 March 2012, Bihar turned 100 years old, as on this day the British carved out the state in 1912

D: Termed Bihar Diwas, the Government decorated the state capital with blue lights

E: Now, Government has decided to celebrate this day every year with equal enthusiasm





25. A: I studied at a premier convent school, where I was the athletics champion and the football captain

B: School is a great leveller where you are known not by the money you have, but by how good you are in sport, not even studies

C: My father is a Protestant and mother, an Iranian

D: While I believe in the presence of a supreme being, I am agnostic

E: From the age of four, my father always told me that 'to be a good man, you don't need to go to a temple, church or mosque, you just need to be good'



(c)  CEBDA


26. A: I refused to wear traditional wedding clothes, our backdrop was a caricature of the happy couple and there was no stage

B: Even when I got married two years ago, my first idea for a reception was a pool party

C: I am not a fan of Indian weddings

D: That idea, of course, got rejected, but we did tinker with quite a few traditions and I did not wear a typical wedding dress

E: Even now, friends tell us it was one of the best weddings they attended



(c)  BACDE



A: India, however, remains the front runner in economic growth in any cross-country comparison

B: Political turmoil in the Middle East and rise in crude oil prices were other reasons for this situation

C: For Indian economy, recovery was interrupted last 3'ear due to intensification of debt crisis in Euro zone

D: As a result, growth moderated and fiscal balance deteriorated due to tight monetary policy and expanded outlays

E: Monetary and fiscal policy response for better part of last three years aimed at taming domestic inflationary pressure


Directions (Q. Nos 28-30) Rearrange the jumbled alphabets in the Following four options and find the odd word among them.
















Directions (Q. Nos. 31-34) In each of these questions, choose the option that best captures the essence of the text.

31. No organisation can depend on genius; the supply is always scarce and unreliable. It is the test of the organisation to make ordinary human beings perform better than they seem capable of, to bring out whatever strength there is in its member, to use each man's strength to help others perform. The purpose of the organisation is to enable a common man to do uncommon things.

(a) Most of the persons have average Intelligent Quotient (IQ)

(b) Motivation and training can improve the performance of an average employee

(c) Genius is a rare commodity

(d) A good organisation transforms its average worker into a star performer

32. Corruption is an intractable problem. Like diabetes; it can be controlled but can't be eliminated. Despite of moaning about corruption, we don't hesitate to vote back the same tainted persons. Choosing honest and dedicated people, electoral reforms and controlling electoral expense can combat corruption to some extent. Inculcating values in our young children might give us some hope in future. Corruption has to be rooted out from the roots.

(a) The person who gives bribe is as much responsible for corruption as the person who takes it

(b) It is not easy to wipe out corruption from the world

(c) To tackle the epidemic of corruption, measures like electoral reforms, choosing people of integrity and focusing on moral values in youth can help to some extent

(d) Corruption can be rooted out only if every citizen vows to keep himself clean.

33. The world was once an easier, more familiar place. Through the Cold War years, India rarely, if ever strayed from its basic foreign policy template:non-alignment. It had few interests-(beyond its timeless favourites Kashmir and Pakistan) - and fewer choices. After two decades of economic growth, India finds itself in the vortex of dizzying change. The game has become a lot more complex with very high stakes.

(a) Economic growth has put India at the forefront of the global political map

(b) Before financial reforms India was just a developing country with little say in global politics

(c) The policy of non-alignment does not always work in the present day scenario

(d) As an emerging economic power, India can no longer ignore new strategic challenges

34. After three centuries of relentless damage to Earth's delicately balanced ecology, humanity finally appears to be waking up to the havoc it has wrought. The past decade saw the most clinching evidence ever that human activity has pushed the greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere to almost the tipping point. Another few decades of business as usual and our planet will hit an irreversible slide into catastrophic climate changes, destroying civilisation as we know it

(a) Reckless industrialisation has contributed to climate change

(b) The emission of manmade greenhouse gases is raising temperature on Earth

(c) Reduction of carbon emission in atmosphere can help in saving Earth from further damage

(d) Ignoring this problem will result in dangerous climatic changes on Earth

Directions (Q. Nos. 35 - 37) Choose che option which gives the best way of writing the sentence ensuring that the message is correctly conveyed.


(a) It appears you have come here with a view to insult me

(b) It appears you have come here with a view to insulting me

(c) It appears you have come here with a view of insulting me

(d) It appears you have come here with a view for insulting me


(a) Budget hotels are to be set in the country to provide travelers with accommodation at reasonable rates

(b) Budget hotels are being set-up across the country to provide travelers with accommodation at reasonable rates

(c) Budget hotels will be set-up in the country to provide travelers with accommodation at reasonable rates

(d) Budget hotels were set-up through the country to provide travelers with accommodation at reasonable rates


(a) Did the court not intervene the matter many students would have been denied admission

(b) Until the court had intervened the matter many students would have been denied admission

(c) Had the court not intervened in the matter many students would have been denied admission

(d) If the court intervened between the matter many students would have been denied admission

Directions (Q. Nos. 38-40) Rearrange the following jumbled word and select the word which is opposite in meaning to the rearranged word.


(a) Small

(b) Healthy

(c) High

(d) Deep


(a) Wise

(b) Intelligent

(c) Distant

(d) Transparent


(a) Big

(b) Flat

(c) Hot

(d) Firm

Answer Key

Q 1


Q 11


Q 21


Q 31


Q 2


Q 12


Q 22


Q 32


Q 3


Q 13


Q 23


Q 33


Q 4


Q 14


Q 24


Q 34


Q 5


Q 15


Q 25


Q 35


Q 6


Q 16


Q 26


Q 36


Q 7


Q 17


Q 27


Q 37


Q 8


Q 18


Q 28


Q 38


Q 9


Q 19


Q 29


Q 39


Q 10


Q 20


Q 30


Q 40



1. (d) Refer to line no. 4 of the passage.

2. (c) This options is the most appropriate choice from among others

3. (a) Refer to paragraph no. 2

4. (a) Clearly, mentioned in the last paragraph of the passage.

5. (D) The primary purpose of the passage is to explain disintegration of stars can challenge accepted theories of physics.

6. (c) Refer to 1st paragraph of the passage.

7. (b) Refer to 1st paragraph of the passage.

8. (b) Refer to 4th paragraph of the passage.

9. (b) Refer to 1st paragraph of the passage.

10. (a) Among the given options, option (a) appears to be the most appropriate.

11. (a) It is evident from the in the passage itself.

12. (b) Except for the option (b), all the other reasons are responsible for poverty in India.

13. (d) The passage in general and last part of the passage in particular make option (d) as the most appropriate choice.

14. (c) Refer to 2nd paragraph of the passage

15. (d) The reference to the Mets shows the failure of statistical predictions.

16. (b) Refer to the last lines of the passage.

17. (d) According to the passage 'Old World' values were based on guild hierarchies.

18. (c) Option (c) appears to be the most appropriate answer.

19. (b) the word 'Reform' is given in the quotation marks in order to show his support for a systematic programme of change,.

20. (b) Option (b) appears to be the most appropriate answer.

21. (b) The quietness was a cause for concern for the security guards because the palace was in complete silence.

22. (a) It is because the majority of young children are very conformist.

23. (b) Ostensible means apparent, i.e., seemingly the purpose of the advertisement is to curtail false advertising.

24. (c) Option ‘C’ is most suitable

25. (b) Option ‘B’ is most suitable

26. (b) Option ‘B’ is most suitable

27. (c) Option ‘C’ is most suitable

28. (b) The most suitable odd word is Option ‘B’

29. (d) The most suitable odd word is Option ‘D’

30. (c)  The most suitable odd word is Option ‘C’

31. (b) Option ‘B’ best captures the essence of the text

32. (c) Option ‘C’ best captures the essence of the text

33. (a) Option ‘A’ best captures the essence of the text

34. (d)

35. (a) Option ‘A’ is correctly conveyed the message of the sentence

36. (b) Option ‘B’ is correctly conveyed the message of the sentence

37. (c) Option ‘C’ is correctly conveyed the message of the sentence

38. (a) The correct jumbled word is Option ‘A’

39. (d) The correct jumbled word is Option ‘D’

40. (b) The correct jumbled word is Option ‘B’

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