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MAT September 2015 Solved Question Paper: Language Comprehension

Jun 27, 2016 15:13 IST

    Language Comprehension/Verbal Ability is an important section of MAT exam. There are various topics which are often seen in the previous year papers of MAT. Some of those topics are:

    1. Comprehension Passage (at least 2-3)
    2. Jumbled paragraphs 
    3. Sentence Correction
    4. One word substitution
    5. Different usage of same word
    6. Sentence completion
    7. Syllogisms 
    8. Analogies
    9. Fill In the Blanks
    10. Odd man out etc.

    Although you can practice these topics from books, but it is important to observe the pattern, number of questions and type of questions which have come in the previous year papers.

    So before you appear for the MAT exam this year, it is advisable that you take an overview of the questions which came in the September MAT 2015, question paper. 

    MAT September 2015 Solved Question Paper: Language Comprehension

    Passage I

    High expectations that preceded PM Modi’s Australia visit were dramatically translated into a promise of a new beginning, shifting away from the neglect that had characterised bilateral relation for nearly 30 years. The Australian PM was clearly amazed at the kind of reception his counterparts received from the Indian community and the enthusiasm with which PM Modi embraced his hectic schedule. For Modi, the warmth the Australian hosts extended, starting with the role, he was invited to play at the G20 Summit that endorsed his call for joint action against black money and tax evasion, would have reflected Canberra’s desire for a closer relationship.

    Modi realised that it was not the oceans that separated them but a blinkered view that failed to recognise the multiple shared views and aspirations. The early conclusion of the Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement would be mutually beneficial, unlike the recently concluded Australia-China FTA, which has already attracted severe criticism as a sell out to Beijing. Hopefully, a separate agreement would be entered into on market access for agricultural products and services opening the way for exports of meat, dairy products and wine from Australia and fruits, especially mangoes and vegetables from India.

    Delhi would benefit from Australian expertise in enhancing technical and food safety standards. Simultaneously, India needs to deliver on long awaited growth in economic and labour reforms including the ease of doing business. The Australian Business Summit in India in January, 2014 should be developed into a regular platform for identifying new technologies and collaborations. Canberra’s assurance that uranium sales to India will commence soon is welcome. But, apart from nuclear power, India’s energy demands will make it dependent on an energy mix ranging from coal to hydropower to renewables. Each holds considerable promise for cooperation with Australian business and industry. Without an assured energy supply, India’s growth story will be stalled with serious ramifications for the global economy.

    Both PMs are aware of this. PM’s ‘Make in India’ offers the ideal platform for the Australian vocational educational sector to convert its business model (into one where large number of Indian students are trained in India) so that Australian industry could share their production base to India. This means opening Australian vocational training schools, in collaboration with Indian institutions, and specifically targeting the requirements of the Australian consumer.

    This has huge possibilities for the Australian VET sector and Australian business. It is equally important for grater collaboration between educational institutes, particularly in Research and Development (R & D). The decision to agree on defence and security cooperation, particularly with regard to maritime security is a path-breaking development and reflects the shared commitment for a dispute free Pacific ocean that is critical for commercial navigation. It must have been heart-warming for Abbott to hear that Australia is not at the periphery of India’s vision but rather, that she is at the centre. But then, Modi also reminded that good words matter little if they are not backed by good deeds.

    1. According to the passage, Australia and India hold great promise for cooperation in which one of the following sectors?

    (a) Energy

    (b) Agriculture

    (c) Education

    (d) All of the above

    2. During the past few years, relations between India and Australia did not improve due to

    (a) international economic conditions

    (b) poor response from Australia despite efforts by India

    (c) years of neglect by India

    (d) None of the above

    3. Keeping in view, the ‘Make in India’ initiative promoted by the Indian Government, the contribution of Australian education sector in India

    (a) can be very minimal

    (b) is quite irrelevant

    (c) has really great potential

    (d) will not have much gains for Australia

    4. As per the passage, which of the following statements is not true?

    (a) Australia can help India in producing nuclear energy

    (b) The Australian PM was amazed at the kind of reception Modi received

    (c) The recent economic agreement between China and Australia has received much adverse reaction

    (d) Australia has been communicated that India really cares for good relations with it

    Passage II

    Contrary to a common misconception, we need to fear road accidents far more than terrorist bombs. Records show that 137423 people died in 2013 from accidents on Indian roads, the single biggest cause of accidental death by a long margin. It’s welcome, therefore, that the centre is reportedly thinking about introducing enhanced safety standards for cars. These should be made mandatory as soon as possible, so that Indian auto safety standards are in line with international norms. Such a move will encounter resistance from auto-makers. But if they can export cars which meet enhanced safety standards, why can’t they do the same for the domestic market? The additional expense this might entail is well worth it. Road accidents are not just devastating in terms of fatalities. The economic cost imposed on survivors and society is prohibitive.

    According to WHO, about 3% of GDP is lost on account of road traffic crashes. To put this in perspective, it is far more than India’s defence spending or food subsidy. Therefore, enhancing costs a bit to add on safety features that mitigate the incidence of fatalities is the right way to proceed. However, improving India’s record of road safety, is not merely a question of adding safety features to cars. It requires a far bigger change. Our mental approach to safety needs to change. A look at the globe suggests that low income countries bear a disproportionate share of fatalities from road accidents. However, wealth is not what determines how many people die on roads. Japan and the US, two wealthy countries, have very different records. Japan has 5.2 road fatalities for every 1 lakh of people. A slightly wealthier US has more than two times Japan’s fatality rate at 11.4. Japan shows how much it cares when its enforcement of preventing drunken driving— a frequent cause of accidents- is significantly better than India even though both countries have the same legal standard for blood alcohol concentration.

    Enforcement needs to be complemented by other institutional changes, including better designed road features that make safety the primary objective. Road safety is a paramount public health issue and needs to be taken seriously. Thousands of road fatalities in India are preventable. Curbing them is as important as keeping India clean and probably easier to achieve. The fact remains that we have not taken road safety with due seriousness that this issue deserves. There is no dearth of technical knowhow in our country, which can be gainfully utilised to advice and also tackle this grave issue. What we lack is the political will in our country. All said and done, the safety of the people should be considered on priority in our country.

    5. According to the passage, currently in India, road safety is considered

    (a) quite satisfactory

    (b) just about adequate

    (c) somewhat inadequate

    (d) grossly inadequate

    6. Presently, auto-makers in India have not improved safety measures as

    (a) they are incapable of doing so

    (b) these are just not needed

    (c) the government has not directed them to do so

    (d) None of the above

    7. Generally speaking, in poorer countries, road accidents are

    (a) quite low

    (b) lower than rich nations

    (c) higher than wealthy countries

    (d) None of the above

    8. As per the passage, which of the following statements is not true?

    (a) Indian road safety standards are at par with international norms

    (b) Quite a few road accidents can be avoided

    (c) We need to enhance safety features in our cars

    (d) Fatality rate in Japan is lower than US

    Passage III

    Far from the glamorous, high octane world of banking, there is a little known, nonetheless outstanding story. It’s about Equity Bank, a lender in Kenya. Equity was so cheesed off with telecom companies, which were refusing to share their network with the bank for mobile banking that the African bank did something which few have dared to do; it went ahead and took a telecom operators licence. Equity rolled out a service what the Modi government intends to offer in India. The institution used a fairly new technology- ‘unstructured supplementary service data’ (or USSD in trade parlance)- to enable its countrymen, mired in low incomes and poverty, to avail an inexpensive banking service with ordinary handsets.

    A customer had to simply text simple alphanumeric messages to access his/her bank account and carry out virtually every transaction one does with a bank. No smart-phone, no android application, no internet access were required. Kenya and Bangladesh- another country where USSD has taken off may not come across as acceptable models for India which, as the tired cliche goes, is a tiger about to be uncaged. However, it may make sense to put in place a few things before this ancient animal is unleashed.

    The powerful telecom lobby, represented by some of India’s biggest business houses, had been resisting sharing their infrastructure that would allow USSD backed basic mobile banking services, connecting banks through a centralised payment gateway. Their argument was simple; they had bid for telecom licence to offer voice and data services and had no obligation to open up their infrastructure to all and sundry; besides, 10 paise per transaction was too low to charge. Things changed.

    A stern Prime Minister brushed aside some of the arguments and the charge was raised to ? 1.50. The service pushed by the government backed National Payment Corporation of India - an entity that is desperately trying to take a toehold- will be formally launched by Modi as part of the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, that is the government’s national mission for financial inclusion. But like most things in India, the USSD will start on a half baked note. First, ? 1.50 per transaction is too high to charge. While it has helped telecom firms to grudgingly accept the terms. A meaningful impact from mobile banking and its spread would required the charge to be slashed closer to 50 paise.

    Second, restricted access and a handful of basic banking transactions would narrow the scope. Every institution should have access to telecom infrastructure and all kinds of payments should be permitted. Individual users should be able to use basic mobile phones to sell mutual fund units, pre-pay personal loan, and even pay for groceries or flight cards using credit or debit cards. The technology allows all this. And if we are embracing the technology, why we do it half-heartedly? The PM, the babus and every stakeholder in the payments game must come together to drive a bargain with the telecom companies to make it happen. Putting up ATM machines in distant villages is not a step towards digitalisation. It’s a headache for banks that run it and can be a pain for users who are not used to using a debit card and remembering the four-digit PIN.

    A mobile phone is a cheaper, easier option towards a cashless economy. Anyone can use a mobile phone- it has multilingual keys and poses no hurdle to an illiterate person. But if digitalisation has to catch on, USSD backed mobile banking has to be taken out of the clutches of mobile companies. All the players should have the access and pay the same charge - just as a power utility does not discriminate between a grocer and a jeweller. The gates should be opened to everyone. Banks, NPCI, Visa, MasterCard, Micro-finance Institutions, Mutual Funds, Insurers, Telecom Companies- all should join the game. Even if a mobile company sponsors a payment bank, it should be directed to let others access its communication infrastructure at a reasonable price. Confining USSD based mobile banking to a few services and to a few players will be a lip service to digitalisation and eventually financial inclusion.

    9. As per the passage, the government is keen that

    (a) mobile banking should be available to all citizens at a reasonable price

    (b) mobile banking should be available to only those who can afford it

    (c) people should avail banking services using ATMs only

    (d) None of the above

    10. USSD technology permits to access banking services using which of the following?

    (a) i-pad

    (b) Internet facilities

    (c) Android application

    (d) None of the above

    11. In the recent past, telecom companies were

    (a) too keen to support mobile banking initiatives

    (b) quite against using their network to make mobile banking facilities available to citizens

    (c) not supportive to extend mobile banking to people

    (d) None of the above

    12. As per the passage, which of the following is not true?

    (a) We should not allow only a select few to call the shots in mobile banking

    (b) Only Kenya is using USSD

    (c) USSD supported mobile banking should not depend on mobile companies

    (d) None of the above

    Passage IV

    The Indian retail market may have slipped to single digit revenue growth for the first time last year, but top global fashion brands bucked the trend by offering stylish designs to Indian consumers at affordable rates and discounts. International brands in the country- Zara, Marks and Spencer, Benetton and Tommy Hilfiger- all posted anywhere between 21% and 56% year-on-year jump in their revenues last fiscal according to their annual filings. And their base is not too low either. Sales of these four brands put together equal apparel section of department store chains Shoppers Stop and Lifestyle International that sell around a hundred brands and is more than half of Aditya Birla’s Madura Fashion and Lifestyle that owns brands such as Louis Philippe, Van Heusen and Allen Solly.

    Experts attribute the growth of global fashion brands to consumers moving towards marquee labels and international style as they become affordable and priced at par with premium Indian brands. Managing Director at Benetton India, said besides overall sales, the Italian brand has also seen a spike in average customer spend. "Apart from our Italian lineage of having hip and trendy styles, Benetton’s basket and average ticket size also increased," he said. While Managing Director declined to comment on financial numbers, he said Benetton has identified opportunities in niche growth pockets such as airports and smaller towns to fuel growth.

    Last week, Marks and Spencer global Chief Executive had said the company’s focus on quality and style will help it make India its largest international market outside its home market of the UK. Most of the growth of these international retailers was in same store sales as they hardly expanded their store count last year. For instance, Inditex Trent, which runs Zara in the country, grew its sales more than 56% despite not adding a single store. M and S Reliance opened just six outlets during the year while its sales reported 28% like-to-like growth.

    Their impressive growth comes at a time when the overall retail sector in the country experienced an overall single digit revenue growth in 2012 for the fist time in its history, according to India ratings and research, formerly known as Fitch Ratings. India’s retail garment market has over the past few years attracted a clutch of the world’s largest private labels that are banking on the country’s young consumers to spur Western wear business.

    According to a 2012 report by Boston Consulting Group, consumption expenditure on apparel in the country is expected to increase 3.8 times to $225 billion, or about ` 14 lakh crore, over the next 7 to 8 years. The government had relaxed the rules to allow 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in single brand retail last year, spurring interest on the part of several global brands. The government approved Sweden-based Hennes and Mauritz’s proposal to invest ` 720 crore to launch 50 stores in the country. Japan’s Uniqlo and American retailer GAP too are in the process of finalising their India entry plans. Inditex, which owns Zara, too plans to bring its higher-end label Massimo Dutti to the country through a proposed joint venture.

    13. According to the passage, which of the following factors has been responsible for encouraging international brands to enter Indian market?

    (a) Young Indians prefer these brands

    (b) Western wear garments are preferred by Indians

    (c) Government has recently allowed 100% FDI in single brand retail

    (d) All of the above

    14. International retailers have done well in India, since they

    (a) have expanded their stores count tremendously

    (b) have made efforts to reach every nook and corner of India

    (c) realised that there was no need to open a large number of stores

    (d) None of the above

    15. As per recent reports, consumption expenditure on clothes in India is likely to

    (a) decrease drastically in the next few years

    (b) remain constant for sometime

    (c) increase in the near future

    (d) show a marginal decline in the next few years

    16. Which one of the following statements is not true?

    (a) Marks and Spencer plans to expand its market in India in a big way

    (b) Popular brands Allen Solly, Louis Philippe and Van Heusen are owned by Aditya Birla Group

    (c) Indian retail market has registered considerable growth in the recent past

    (d) None of the above

    Passage V

    A study commissioned by UN-Habitat’s Global Urban Youth Research Network provided a startling piece of data. In less than 6 years from now, India would be the world’s youngest country, with the median individual below 30 years of age. But more disturbingly it also highlighted disparities in the extent to which young people have been able to acquire formal skills - the largest share was found in Kerala, followed by Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat. The new government has recognised this imbalance, made provision for upgrading skills across multiple disciplines and allocated resources in geographically sensitive locations; from five technical research centres in nanotechnology to a Hastakala Academy for the handicrafts sector; from five new IITs and five new IIMs to new institutes for farming and agro technology in Asom and Jharkhand.

    This resonates with what the National Skill Development Corporation and its partners are trying to achieve. What is somewhat less clear is how far the government is open to private partnership in this ambitious game plan? In a few specialised areas like nanotechnology, the budget speaks of public private partnership. But skill development on the massive scale envisaged by the new government cannot be attempted, let alone achieved, if we don’t get out of the ‘silo syndrome’- resist the temptation to corral broad policy like private participation in a few test tube verticals, perceived as high tech or experimental. It is no accident that the nation’s largest pool of technical talent today, is centered around places like Bangalore, a state that pioneered privatisation of engineering education.

    The record of Indian educational or vocational institutions in most global rankings is, however, worrisome; the world’s youngest nation in 2020 may remain an index of quantity rather than quality. The existing institutions with a few exceptions are very much a part of the problem and not always the solution. There is a need to empower and enrich existing institutions- both public and private- instead of merely increasing their number. Standardisation, scalability and critical monitoring of industry requirements versus the turnout of such institutions must take precedence over rolling out institutions indiscriminately.

    We need to be equally mindful that in order to leapfrog into the league of economically progressive economies, we need to shed the ideological baggage that sees all private participation as a bane. This is even more critical while addressing the gaping holes in infrastructure and an enabling ecosystem that a national thrust in skill development and employability demands. The budgets message here is somewhat mixed while the overarching objectives in the skilling sector are well articulated, some of the indirect tax proposals seem to mitigate against the swift realisation of these objectives the withdrawal of service tax exemptions on renting immovable property to an educational institutions the restriction on exemptions with regard to services received by those to changes in the Excise Duty on the manufacture of writing and printing paper for textbooks, will add to the financial burden of skill providers.

    A little tweaking of these proposals will easily mitigate the impact and ensure that a framework involving all stakeholders in skill building becomes more evident. For the first time in decades, students, teachers, trainers and skill providers can see a clear, unclouded vision of what India needs to do to lift itself up by its own bootstraps and stride into the fiercely competitive global arena of opportunity. It is time to pick up the tools and get on with the job.

    17. As per the passage, to promote skill development in our country, we need to open a large number of institutions

    (a) reduce the number of existing institutions

    (b) infuse quality in the present institutions

    (c) take no action for the present

    18. To become an economically progressive economy, we should reduce private participation

    (a) encourage public participation

    (b) encourage private participation substantially

    (c) None of the above

    19. Presently, the situation with regard to acquiring formal skills by young Indians is

    (a) fairly encouraging

    (b) just considered satisfactory

    (c) rather unsatisfactory

    (d) not deserving much attention by the government

    20. Which one of the following statements is not true?

    (a) Indian institutions do not rank high on global standards

    (b) Presently, we have adequate participation by private corporates

    (c) Budgetary provisions do not out rightly encourage private participation in skill development

    (d) All of the above

    Direction (Q. Nos. 21-23) Rearrange the given jumbled word in each of these questions and select the word which is opposite in meaning to the rearranged word.

    21. ADRDSCI

    (a) humour                                         (b) accept

    (c) honour                                          (d) sharp

    22. ALFEBUTIU

    (a) tall                                                (b) ugly

    (c) selfish                                           (d) coward

    23. UWLPOERF

    (a) weak                                             (b) short

    (c) capable                                          (d) fit

    Direction (Q. Nos. 24-26) Fill in the blanks.

    24. During the fashion parade, the model wore an outfit which was and she looked really

    (a) modern, old                                    (b) attractive, awkward

    (c) eye-catching, beautiful                    (d) colourful, dull

    25. To do well in academics, a student need not be very, but must be

    (a) healthy, tall

    (b) good looking, talkative

    (c) clever, rich

    (d) intelligent, hardworking

    26. Due to high inflation in the economy, the availability of goods has……… and the prices have gone……..

    (a) reduced, high                                  (b) increased, down

    (c) not changed, low                             (d) doubled, stable

    Direction (Q. Nos. 27-30) Choose the order of the sentences marked A, B, C, D and E to form a logical paragraph.

    27. A. Tasty and healthy food can help you bring out their best.

    B. One minute they are toddlers and next you see them in their next adventure.

    C. Your young ones seem to be growing so fast.

    D. Being their loving custodians, you always want to see them doing well.

    E. Their eyes sparkle with curiosity and endless questions on their tongues.

    Codes

    (a)DBCEA                                               (b) CADEB

    (c) CBEDA                                               (d) ECABD

    28.  A. Of course, the training was damn tough, both physically and mentally.

    B. But, once he became a fighter pilot in the Air Force, he was the happiest man going around.

    C. As a child, watching flying aircraft was a passion for him.

    D. So, he took the NDA exam to become a pilot in the Air Force.

    E. He thought flying was the best career for him. Codes

    (a)DCBAE                                             (b) CEDAB

    (c) BADEC                                             (d) EACDB

    29 A. It is hoping that overseas friends will bring in big money and lift the morale of the people.

    B.  But a lot needs to be done to kick start industrial revival.

    C.  People had big hopes from the new government.

    D.  So far government has only given an incremental push to existing policies and programmes.

    E.  Government is to go for big time reforms, which it promised.

    Codes (a) BCDAE (b) EADCB (c) DABEC (d) CDEAB

    30. A. However, women hiring is catching up at a slow and steady rate in the recent times.

    B. Gender ratio has been inclined more towards male employees.

    C. As a result, recent reports have highlighted the rise in demand for women employees.

    D. Women constitute a little over half of world’s total population.

    E. But, their contribution to measured economic activity is far below the potential. Codes

    (a) DEBAC                                              (b) CDAEB

    (c) BCDEA                                               (d) AEDBC

    Direction (Q. Nos. 31-34) In each of these questions, choose the option that best captures the essence of the text.

    31. Various studies have shown that our forested and hilly regions and, in general, areas where biodiversity— as reflected in the variety of flora— is high, are the places where poverty appears to be high. And these same areas are also the ones where educational performances seem to be poor. Therefore, it may be surmised that, even disregarding poverty status, richness in biodiversity goes hand in hand with educational backwardness.

    (a)    In regions where there is little variety in flora, educational performance is seen to be as good as in regions with high variety in flora, when poverty levels are high

    (b)  Regions which show high biodiversity, also exhibit poor educational performance, at low level of poverty

    (c)  Regions which show high biodiversity reveal high levels of poverty and poor educational performance

    (d)   In regions where there is low biodiversity, at all levels of poverty, educational performance is seen to be good

    32. Local communities have often come in conflict with agents trying to exploit resources, at a faster pace, for an expanding commercial-industrial economy. More often than not, such agents of resource intensification are given preferential treatment by the state, through the grant of generous long leases over mineral or fish stocks, e.g. the provision of raw material at an enormously subsidised price. With the injustice so compounded, local communities at the receiving end of this process, have no recourse except direct action, resisting both the state and outside exploiters through a variety of protest techniques. These struggles might perhaps be seen as a manifestation of a new kind of class conflict.

    (a) A new kind of class conflict arises from preferential treatment given to agents of resource intensification by the state, which the local community sees as unfair

    (b)   The grant of long leases to agents of resource intensification for an expanding commercial industrial economy leads to direct protests from the local community, which sees it as unfair

    (c)    Preferential treatment given by the state to agents of resource intensification for an expanding commercial industrial economy exacerbates injustice to local communities and leads to direct protests from them, resulting in a new type of class conflict

    (d)   Local communities have no option but to protest against agents of resource intensification and create a new type of class conflict when they are given raw material at subsidised prices for an expanding commercial industrial economy

    33. You seemed at first to take no notice of your school fellows, or rather to set yourself against them because they were strangers to you. They knew as little of you as you did of them; this would have been the reason for their keeping aloof from you as well, which you would have felt as a hardship. Learn never to conceive a prejudice against others because you know nothing of them. It is bad reasoning and makes enemies of half the world. Do not think ill of them till they behave ill to you; and then strive to avoid the faults which you see in them. This will disarm their hostility sooner than pique or resentment or complaint.

    (a) The discomfort you felt with your school fellows was because both sides knew little of each other. You should not complain unless you find others prejudiced against you and have attempted to carefully analyse the faults you have observed in them

    (b) The discomfort you felt with your school fellows was because both sides knew little of each other. Avoid prejudice and negative thoughts till you encounter bad behaviour from others and then win them over by shunning the faults you have observed

    (c) You encountered hardship amongst your school fellows because you did not know them well. You should learn to not make enemies because of your prejudices irrespective of their behaviour towards you

    (d) You encountered hardship amongst your school fellows because you did not know them well. You should learn to not make enemies because of your prejudices unless they behave badly with you

    34. Although almost all climate scientists agree that the Earth is gradually warming, they have long been of two minds about the process of rapid climate shifts within larger periods of change. Some have speculated that the process works like a giant oven or freezer, warming or cooling the whole planet at the same time. Others think that shifts occur on opposing schedules in the Northern and Southern hemispheres, like exaggerated seasons. Recent research in Germany examining climate patterns in the Southern hemisphere at the end of the last Ice Age strengthens the idea that warming and cooling occurs at alternate times in the two hemispheres. A more definitive answer to this debate will allow scientists to better predict when and how quickly the next climate shift will happen.

    (a) Scientists have been unsure whether rapid shifts in the Earth’s climate happen all at once or on opposing schedules in different hemispheres; research will help find a definitive answer and better predict climate shifts in future

    (b) Scientists have been unsure whether rapid shifts in the Earth’s climate happen all at once or on opposing schedules in different hemispheres; finding a definitive answer will help them better predict climate shifts in future

    (c) Research in Germany will help scientists find a definitive answer about warming and cooling of the Earth and predict climate shifts in the future in a better manner

    (d) More research rather than debates on warming or cooling of the Earth and exaggerated seasons in its hemispheres will help scientists in Germany predict climate changes better in future

    Direction (Q. Nos. 35-37) Rearrange the jumbled alphabets in the following four options and find the odd word among them,

    35. (a) LOSHCO                            (b) LEGELOC

           (c) EHOSR                               (d) RYITUVESNI

    36. (a) OESUH                               (b)DUGNIBIL

           (c) INAMSON                           (d) SASIRU

    37. (a) AKENCLCE                         (b) NILO

           (c) LAEBNG                              (d) EEABRCLT

    Direction (Q. Nos. 38-40) Identify the best way of writing the sentence in the context of the correct usage of standard written English.

    38. (a)Last year, government servants protested the government’s decision of increasing their working hours

    (b) Last year, government servants protested for the government’s decision of increasing their working hours

    (c) Last year, government servants protested at the government’s decision of increasing their working hours

    (d) Last year, government servants protested against the government’s decision of increasing their working hours

    39. (a)It has been established that the Earth is revolving around the Sun

    (b) It has been established that the Earth revolved around the Sun

    (c) It has been established that the Earth has been revolving around the Sun

    (d) It has been established that the Earth revolves around the Sun

    40.(a)It is a known fact that even death cannot be had after the asking

    (b) It is a known fact that even death cannot be had for the asking

    (c) It is a known fact that even death cannot be had on the asking

    (d) It is a known fact that even death cannot be had about the asking

    Answer Key

    Q 1

    D

    Q 11

    B

    Q 21

    B

    Q 31

    C

    Q 2

    D

    Q 12

    B

    Q 22

    B

    Q 32

    C

    Q 3

    C

    Q 13

    D

    Q 23

    A

    Q 33

    B

    Q 4

    D

    Q 14

    D

    Q 24

    C

    Q 34

    C

    Q 5

    D

    Q 15

    C

    Q 25

    D

    Q 35

    C

    Q 6

    C

    Q 16

    B

    Q 26

    A

    Q 36

    D

    Q 7

    C

    Q 17

    C

    Q 27

    C

    Q 37

    B

    Q 8

    A

    Q 18

    C

    Q 28

    B

    Q 38

    D

    Q 9

    A

    Q 19

    C

    Q 29

    D

    Q 39

    D

    Q 10

    D

    Q 20

    B

    Q 30

    A

    Q 40

    B

    Explanation

    1. Sol. (d) All of the above are the right options

    2. Sol. (d) None of the above stands true in this situation.

    3. Sol. (c) Option ‘C’ is the most appropriate choice.

    4. Sol. (d) The lines i.e. shown in the option (d) has not been mentioned in the passage. So option (d) is not true.

    5. Sol. (d) According to the passage, road safety in India is remains inadequate.

    6. Sol. (c) The government has not directed the auto-makers to maintain safety norms.

    7. Sol. (c) Generally in poor countries, road accidents are higher than wealthy countries.

    8. Sol. (a) This statement is not true at all.

    9. Sol. (a) As per the passage, the government is keen that mobile banking should be available to all citizens at a reasonable price.

    10. Sol. (d) USSD technology does not require Android or Internet or i-pad facility.

    11. Sol. (b) Telecom companies were not very keen to share their infrastructure to make mobile banking facility available to all citizens of the country.

    12. Sol. (b) Not only Kenya, but Bangladesh is also using USSD.

    13. Sol. (d) Young Indians prefer international brands as they are available at affordable prices and discounts.

    14. Sol. (d) International brand sales have gone up without these factors.

    15. Sol. (c) Consumption expenditure on clothes in India is likely to increase 3.8 times, as per the passage.

    16. Sol. (b) Popular brands Allen Solly, Louis Philippe and Van Heusen are owned by Aditya Birla Group.

    17. Sol. (c) There is a need to inculcate quality in the existing institutions.

    18. Sol. (c) As per the passage, we should encourage private participation quite substantially.

    19. Sol. (c) Young Indians acquire the skills in a rather unsatisfactory manner.

    20. Sol. (b) Presently, we have adequate participation by private corporates. This statement is not true.

    21. Sol. (b) The word is DISCARD and its opposite will be accept.

    22. Sol. (b) The word is BEAUTIFUL and its opposite is ugly.

    23. Sol. (a) The word is POWERFUL and its opposite will be weak,

    24. Sol. (c) Eye-catching and beautiful are the two words to be placed in blanks,

    25. Sol. (d) Intelligent and hardworking are the two words which will be most appropriate.

    26. Sol. (a) Reduced and high are the correct words to be filled here

    27. Sol. (c) Option ‘C’ is the most appropriate selection

    28. Sol (b) Option ‘B’ is the most appropriate selection

    29. Sol. (d) Option ‘D’ is the most appropriate selection

    30. Sol. (a) Option ‘A’ is the most appropriate selection

    31. Sol. (c) Option ‘C’ is the most appropriate selection.

    32. Sol. (c) Option ‘C’ is the most appropriate selection.

    33. Sol. (b) Option ‘B’ is the most appropriate selection.

    34. Sol. (c) Option ‘C’ is the most appropriate selection.

    35. Sol. (c) After rearranging the jumbled alphabets, the words are School, College, Shore and University. Option (c) is the odd one out here. The other places are educational institutes.

    36. Sol.(d) Odd one out is Russia because it is a country whereas the rest of the options are places where one lives.

    37. Sol. (b) Odd one out is ‘Lion’ because the rest of the words indicate pieces of jewellery.

    38. Sol. (d) Option ‘D’ correctly used written English.

    39. Sol.  (d) Option ‘D’ correctly used written English.

    40. Sol. (b) Option ‘B’ correctly used written English

    Also Practice: MAT Previous 8 Years Solved Question Papers

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