Most Important Topics for IAS Prelims Exam 2019

Current Affairs though the most important component of IAS preparation but the other subjects are also equally important for the IAS Prelims Exam. Here is the list of most important topics for the IAS Exam 2019.

Most Important Topics for IAS Prelims Exam 2018
Most Important Topics for IAS Prelims Exam 2018

The Union Public Service Commission(UPSC) will be conducting the Civil Services Preliminary Exam commonly called the IAS Prelims Exam on 2 June 2019. The UPSC will be issuing the official notification of the Civil Services Examination 2019 in the month of February.  The exam will be conducted in the month of June, so there will be around 4 months for the IAS Preliminary preparation.  The candidates need to work on the most important topic for the IAS Preliminary Exam. There are certain topics which found their place each year in the IAS Preliminary Exam.  The candidates need to focus their preparation on these important topics so that they can cement their position in the IAS Preliminary Exam.

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IAS Interview 2019 Important Topics

Career Counseling

The Civil Services Exam (Preliminary) will be held on 2 June 2019. To clear the IAS Exam, one has to do smart preparation within a limited time-frame. The smart preparation is the one that is based on the analysis of given UPSC syllabus and previous year question papers. In the last few years, it has been found that most of the questions either in the IAS Prelims or IAS Mains Exam used to be closely related to the events that occurred in the recent past.

Besides this, IAS aspirants must prepare all the topics associated with the socio-economic, geographical, political, environmental, historical and cultural aspects of India.

For the benefit of IAS aspirants, we have prepared a short but a useful list of current affairs topics. If an IAS aspirant covers the topics listed in this article, more than 60% of the IAS Prelims Exam 2019 preparation can be effectively done. Besides the list will be useful during the preparation of the IAS Main Exam 2019.

National Issues

  • India Strategic Overseas Fund
  • Elections and Model Code of Conduct in India


Bills and Acts

  • Triple Talaaq Bill
  • The Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill 2018
  • Model Agricultural Produce and Livestock Marketing (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2017
  • Geospatial Information Regulation Bill
  • Land Acquisition Act and Reforms
  • GST Bill           
  • Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2017
  • National Water Framework Bill
  • Real Estate Bill      
  • Enemy Property Amendment Bill 2016
  • Carriage by Air (Amendment) Bill, 2015
  • Juvenile Justice Act, 2015
  • Anti-Hijacking Bill
  • Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill, 2015
  • Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2015
  • Regional Centre for Biotechnology Bill, 2016
  • Industries (Development and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2015
  • Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill, 2016
  • SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Rules, 2016
  • Representation of the People Act, 1950
  • Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2015
  • Model Shops and Establishments (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Bill, 2016
  • Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code Bill 2016
  • Sugar Cess (Amendment) Bill, 2015


Indian Economy


  • Umbrella Revolution in Hong Kong
  • Srilankan Blast Details
  • BRI - Belt and Road Initiative and India
  • Veto Powers of the UNSC Permanent Members
  • European Refugee Crisis
  • Missile Technology Control Regime and India
  • Brexit Issue
  • India and NSG Membership dynamics
  • Nuclear Security Summit   
  • Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage
  • Supporting Syria and the Region Conference 2016
  • International Solar Alliance

Science and Tech

  • Mission SHAKTI
  • Zinc Deficiency and its effects( Linke between CO2 in Atmosphere and Zinc in crops)
  • West Nile Virus
  • Potassium Bromate 
  • Zika Virus        
  • 3D Printing Technology
  • Solar Cells
  • GPS
  • Blood
  • Mineral important for Human Growth

Indian Polity

Geography + Environment

 Modern History

  • 1857 Revolt and Associated Leaders
  • Social Reforms in the Indian Society and related Acts
  • Indian National Congress and its meetings
  • India After the arrival of Mahatma Gandhi
  • Life of Mahatma Gandhi and the Movements
  • HSRA and associated leaders
  • Bengal Partition and Delhi Darbar
  • List of Governor General and Associated Works
  • Muslim League
  • Puna Pact
  • Simon Commission
  • Social Personalities
  • Education Under British
  • Agriculture Taxing Structure under Britishers
  • Agrarion Revolts

History of India

  • Indus Valley Civilisation- Harappan, Mohanjodaro
  • Gautama Buddha, Buddhist Councils and principles of Buddhism
  • Jainism, its principles and 24 Jain Tirthankars
  • Temple Architectures
  • Mauryan Rule overview
  • Ashokan Inscriptions
  • Gupta Rulers and its overview
  • Foreign Visitors
  • Accession of Qutub-ud-Din Aibak
  • Sultanate Period
  • Tughlaq Rulers
  • Vijay Nagar Empire-Harihar and Bukka
  • Mughals Rulers, Arts, Architecture and major achievement of Mughal Rulers
  • Akhbar and his religious philosophy- in Details
  • Aurangzeb and his Policies
  • Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan and wars they fought
  • Peshwas

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  • Water Pullution due to Industrialisation
  • Solid Waste Management in India   
  • National Company Law Tribunal and Appellate Tribunal
  • Animal Husbandry in India
  • National Agriculture Market

IAS Exam 2019: All you need to know

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