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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 - Forest and Wildlife Resources PDF

Check NCERT solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 - Forest and Wildlife Resources. You can find here the best NCERT solutions for an active beginning of studies in the new academic session.

Apr 21, 2020 09:58 IST
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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 2
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 2

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Chapter 2 - Forest and Wildlife Resources are best for gaining conceptual understanding. With these simple and precise solutions, learning becomes more effective and interesting. So, follow the NCERT solutions by Jagran Josh for an outstanding performance in the internal and board examinations. All the NCERT Solutions can also be downloaded in PDF format from the link provided in this article.

NCERT Solutions Class 10

Social Science - Geography

Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 – Forest and Wildlife Resources

1. Multiple choice questions.

(i) Which of these statements is not a valid reason for the depletion of flora and fauna?

(a) Agricultural expansion.

(b) Large scale developmental projects.

(c) Grazing and fuelwood collection.

(d) Rapid industrialisation and urbanisation.

Answer. (c) Grazing and fuelwood collection

Also Check: NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1

(ii) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?

(a) Joint forest management

(b) Beej Bachao Andolan

(c) Chipko Movement

(d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

Answer. (d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

2. Match the following animals with their category of existence.

Animals/Plants

Category of existence

Black Buck

Extinct

Asiatic Elephant

Rare

Andaman wild pig

Endangered

Himalayan Brown Bear

Vulnerable

Pink Head Duck

Endemic

Answer.

Animals/Plants

Category of existence

Black Buck

Endangered

Asiatic Elephant

Vulnerable

Andaman wild pig

Endemic

Himalayan Brown Bear

Rare

Pink Head Duck

Extinct

3. Match the following.

Reserved Forests

Other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities

Protected Forests

Forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources

Unclassed Forests

Forest lands are protected from any further depletion

Answer.

Reserved Forests

Forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources

Protected Forests

Forest lands are protected from any further depletion

Unclassed Forests

Other forests and wastelands belonging to both Government and private individuals and communities

Also Check: NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History

4. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

(i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?

(ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.

Answer.

(i) Biodiversity is the variety and variability of life forms on Earth. It can also be referred as a measure of variation at the ecosystem, species and genetic level. All the species on this Earth are living in a system having multiple networks of interdependencies. Human beings also depend on several biotic and abiotic factors for their survival like they obtain food from plants animals. They are dependent on many other species to run their business and industries. Hence, biodiversity is important for human lives.

(ii) Following activities by humans resulted in the depletion of flora and fauna:

  • Various dam and river valley projects resulted in a decline of forest cover.
  • Illegal mining projects also destroyed forests in a vast area.
  • Increasing housing plans, factories and infrastructure also disturbed the flora and fauna adversely.
  • Hunting animals for their skin, tusk, bones, teeth, horns, etc., led many species to the verge of extinction.
  • Increasing environmental pollution caused many species of birds to extinct.
  • Increasing forest fires due to the global warming resulted in depletion of valuable forests and wildlife.

Also Check: CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2020-2021

5. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.

(i) Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India?

(ii) Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife.

Answer.

(i) In India many traditional communities still live in a close contact with the forests as they depend on the forest produce for their livelihood. Such local communities are contributing significantly in conservation of the forest land. For example; 

  • In Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, villagers fought against mining activities.
  • In Alwar district of Rajasthan, local communities belonging to five villages have set their own rules and regulations in 1,200 hectares of forest land to stop hunting and outside encroachments in these lands.
  • The Bishnois of Rajasthan protect black buck, chinkara and peacocks quite fervently.
  • Chipko movement is another example of community initiative that resisted deforestation in several areas.

Nature worship is an age old tradition for many local communities. By doing so, they help in conservation of forest. 

(ii) In India, many governmental and non-governmental organisations are working towards creating public awareness for conserving forests and wildlife. Central and state governments in India have set up national parks and wildlife sanctuaries to protect forests and endangered species in wildlife. The Joint Forest Management (JFM) programme in India furnishes a good example of involving local communities in the management and restoration of degraded forests. Under JFM local (village) institutions are set up to undertake the protection activities mostly on degraded forest land. In return, the members of these communities are entitled to intermediary benefits like non-timber forest produces and share in the timber harvested by ‘successful protection’. Many laws had been passed in the past to protect the wildlife. In 1972, the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act was implemented. It made protecting specific habitats a law. It released a list of wildlife species that had to be protected. Hunting these animals was considered as a criminal act. “Project Tiger”, one of the well publicised wildlife campaigns in the world, was launched in 1973 to save tigers in the country.

To download all these solutions in PDF, click on the following link:

Download NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter - 2 in PDF

NCERT Solutions for all other chapters of Class 10 Geography book can be accessed from the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Cass 10 Geography Contemporary India II Textbook: All Chapters

Also Check:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science

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