Get NCERT solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 6 - Every Drop Counts. Here we are providing the detailed answers for all questions given on each page of NCERT Class 5 EVS Chapter 6. All these solutions will help students easily manage their homework assignments, class tests and exams.
NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS
Chapter 6: Every Drop Counts
Page No 52
Observe and Find Out
Look at the area around your school. Are there any fields, farms, pucca roads, drains, etc.? Is the area sloping, rocky or flat? Think, what will happen here when it rains? Where will the rain water go – into the drains, pipes or pits? Is some water also getting soaked into the soil?
There are pucca roads and drains in the area around my school. The area is little sloping. When it rains here, water flows into the drains. Also, some water accumulates in the small pits there on the road sides. Some water also gets soaked into the soil.
Page no 53
2. How do you think the rainwater that falls on the roof will reach the underground tank? Draw the path.
Ans. A pipe is used to connect the roof and the tank so that the water collected on roof can flow down to the underground tank through that pipe.
The path of water flowing from roof top to the underground tank is traced with blue colour in the following picture:
Page no 54
(i) Have you ever faced a shortage of water in your area? If yes, then what was the reason for it?
Talk to your grandmother or any elderly person. Find out, when they were of your age.
(ii) From where did they get water for the house? Has there been a change now?
(iii) What kind of water arrangements were made for travellers—for example piau, mashak (leather bag) or any other? Now what do people do about water when they travel?
(i) Yes, we often have to face shortage of water in summers. I this happens due to the excessive use of water and its increasing demand by the fast growing population.
(ii) They used to get water from the nearby rivers, ponds, wells or hand pumps. Yes, there has been a tremendous change now. We get water through pipelines direct into our homes.
(iii) In the earlier times, the kings or the leaders used to build piau for travellers form where they could drink water. People also used to carry Mashak which was leather bag used to store water. Nowadays, people usually purchase packed drinking water or carry their own water bottles.
Page No 55
Is there a lake, well or stepwell near your house or school? Visit it and find out more about it.
(i) How old is it? Who got it built?
(ii) What kinds of buildings are around it?
(iii) Is the water clean? Is it cleaned regularly?
(iv) Who all use the water?
(v) Is there any festival celebrated at this place?
(vi) Is there any water today, or is it dry?
Yes, there is an old well near my house.
(i) It is said to be about 70-80 years old. It was built by the local people.
(ii) There are some houses
(iii) No the water is not clean. It is not even cleaned regularly.
(iv) No one uses its water now.
(v) Not exactly festival but people perform some rituals around it during marriages, Diwali etc.
(vi) There is a very little water left in the well now.
Page No 56
There are two old wells in the area where Punita lives. Her grandmother says that about fifteen – twenty years ago there was water in these wells. The wells could have dried up because:
- Water is being pumped up from under the ground with the help of electric motors.
- The lakes in which rain water used to collect are no longer there.
- The soil around trees and parks is now covered with cement.
- Is there some other reason for this? Explain.
Besides all of the reasons given above, large scale cutting of trees and poor management of water resources have also contributed to the poor status of water availability in the wells and ponds.
Page No 58
Everyone has the right to live. Yet, is everybody getting enough water to live or even water to drink? Why is it that some people have to buy drinking water? Should it be like this? Water on this earth is for one and all. Some people draw out water from the ground by deep bore wells. How far is it correct? Have you ever seen this? Why do some people put a pump directly in the Jal Board pipe line? What problems would other people face due to this? Do you have any such experience?
Not everybody is getting enough water to live or even drink.
Some people have to buy drinking water as they do not get sufficient water supply due to the lack of drinking water in their area. Things should not be like this.
Some people draw water from the ground by deep boring. It is a wrong practice.
Yes, I have seen many people doing this in my colony.
Some people put a pump directly in the Jal Board pipe line to get supply of drinking water.
Due to this, other people do not get adequate supply of drinking water.
Look at This Bill an:
(i) From which office has this bill come?
(ii) Do you get a water bill at home? Find out from where it is sent?
(iii) Why do you think Dilli Sarkar (Government of Delhi) is written under Delhi Jal Board?
(iv) In whose name is the bill? How much money do they have to pay for each month?
(v) Do you have to pay for water? How much? Is the rate of water different in different colonies? Ask your elders.
(i) This bill has come from Delhi Jal Board.
(ii) Yes, we get a water bill at home. The bill is sent from the water supply department of our city.
(iii) Dilli Sarkar (Government of Delhi) is written under Delhi Jal Board as it is run under the authorisation of the Government of Delhi.
(iv) The bill is in the name of Mohd. Umar and Dr. Mohd. Shoaib. They have to pay a total amount of three hundred sixty eight rupees.
(v) Yes, we have to pay for water. We pay about Rs. 200 per month. The rate is the same in different colonies.
Page no 59
Have you ever read this kind of news in any newspaper? How did people solve their problem of water? Did they repair and reuse any old lake or stepwell?
Yes, I have read this kind of news in once in a newspaper. It was about a village in Madhya Pradesh. All the people came together and made collective efforts to make provisions for collecting rainwater in ponds and also repaired the old ponds and wells to make them usable again. They also planted a number of trees around the village. This helped them to fulfil their water requirement.
Page No 59
What we have learnt
(i) Make a poster: Do you remember the slogan –”Water on earth is for one and all.” Think of some other such slogans. Draw pictures and make a nice poster.
(ii) Bring a water bill, look at it and tell –
(a) This bill is from _________ date to __________ date.
(b) How much money is to be paid for this bill?
(c) What else can you see in the bill, like money spent on repair, maintenance etc.?
(i) Make a poster with slogan-“Save Water, Save Life” as one shown below:
(ii) (a) This bill is from 10.09.2009 to 05.11.2009.
(b) An amount of Rs 250 is to be paid for this bill.
(c) Yes, Rs 35 have been charged for repairing, which is included in the bill.
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