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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2 - From Trade to Territory

Get here the easiest and simplest NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory. All the questions and answers are available here in PDF format.

Jun 17, 2020 12:24 IST
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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory include the precise and simple answers to all the questions given at the end of the chapter. You can easily download all the questions and answers in PDF format and refer to them to complete your homework assignments and while preparing for the examinations.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 2 - From Trade to Territory The Company Establishes Power:

Let’s recall

1. Match the following:

Diwani

Tipu Sultan

“Tiger of Mysore”

Right to collect land revenue

Faujdari Adalat

Sepoy

Rani Channamma

Criminal Court

Sipahi

Led an anti-British movement in Kitoor

Answer:

Diwani

Right to collect land revenue

“Tiger of Mysore”

Tipu Sultan

Faujdari Adalat

Criminal Court

Rani Channamma

Led an anti-British movement in Kitoor

Sipahi

Sepoy

2. Fill in the blanks:

(a) The British conquest of Bengal began with the Battle of ___________.

(b) Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers of ___________.

(c) Dalhousie implemented the Doctrine of ___________.

(d) Maratha kingdoms were located mainly in the ___________ part of India.

Answer:

(a) The British conquest of Bengal began with the Battle of Buxar.

(b) Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers of Mysore.

(c) Dalhousie implemented the Doctrine of Lapse.

(d) Maratha kingdoms were located mainly in the South-western part of India.

3. State whether true or false:

(a) The Mughal empire became stronger in the eighteenth century.

(b) The English East India Company was the only European company that traded with India.

(c) Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the ruler of Punjab.

(d) The British did not introduce administrative changes in the territories they conquered.

Answer:

(a) False, Mughal empire started to decline in eighteenth century with the emergence of new power, The British.

(b) False, French and Dutch traders also traded with India.

(c) True

(d) False, the British introduced many administrative changes in the territories they conquered.

Also check other NCERT articles for Class 8:

NCERT Textbook for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Textbook for Class 8 Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science

NCERT Book for Class 8 Social Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science

Let’s discuss

4. What attracted European trading companies to India?

Answer:

European trading companies were attracted to India due to the following reasons:

(i) They could buy goods at cheap prices and carry them back to Europe to sell at higher prices.

(ii) The fine qualities of cotton and silk produced in India had a big market in Europe.

(iii) Indian spices like pepper, cloves, cardamom and cinnamon were in great demand in Europe.

5. What were the areas of conflict between the Bengal nawabs and the East India Company?

Answer:

The areas of conflict between the Bengal nawabs and the East India Company were:

(i) The Bengal nawabs denied concessions to the East India Company on many occasions.

(ii) They demanded large tributes for the Company’s right to trade.

(iii) They denied the company any right to mint coins.

(iv) They stopped the company from extending its fortifications.

(vi) The company denied to pay taxes.

(vii) The company officials wrote disrespectful letters to nawabs and humiliated them.

6. How did the assumption of Diwani benefit the East India Company?

Answer:

On being appointed the Diwan of the provinces of Bengal, the East India Company acquired greater power and authority. After the assumption of the Diwani, East India Company was benefited in several ways as mentioned below:

(i) It allowed the Company to use the vast revenue resources of Bengal.

(ii) Now, trade was fully controlled by the East India Company.

(iii) Company used the revenues from India to finance its expenses like to purchase cotton and silk textiles in India, maintain Company troops, and meet the cost of building the Company fort and offices at Calcutta.

(iv) Revenue of Bengal was used to finance exports of Indian goods.

7. Explain the system of “subsidiary alliance”.

Answer:

According to the subsidiary alliance the Indian rulers were not allowed to have their independent armed forces. They came under the protection of East India Company. Major effects of this system were as follows:

(i) East India Company became the guardian of the territories that it took under the alliance.

(ii) The Indian rulers had to pay for the “subsidiary forces” that the Company was supposed to maintain for the purpose of their protection.

(iii) If the Indian rulers failed to make the payment, then part of their territory was taken away as penalty.

8. In what way was the administration of the Company different from that of Indian rulers?

Answer:

The administration of the Company was different from that of the Indian rulers in the following ways:

(i) The Company laid down sound administrative system in India. British territories were broadly divided into administrative units called Presidencies. There were three such Presidencies – Bengal, Madras and Bombay. On the other hand, under the Indian rulers administration was divided into four parts – District (Zila), Paragana, Tehsil and Villages.

(ii) Each presidency was under the charge of the governors whereas the Indian Administrative unit was ruled by local zamindars and peasants.

(iii) The supreme head of the administration was the Governor-General but under the Indian administrative system, the King or Nawab was the head of the supreme head.

(iv) A new judicial system was introduced from 1772. Each district had two courts- a criminal court known as ‘faujdari adalat’ and a civil court ‘diwani adalat’. Maulvis and Hindu pandits interpreted Indian laws for the European district collectors who presided over civil courts. The criminal courts were still under a qazi and a mufti but under the supervision of the collectors.

9. Describe the changes that occurred in the composition of the Company’s army.

Answer:

The changes that occurred in the composition of the Company’s army were as follows:

  • The Company began recruitment for its own army, which came to be known as the sepoy army.
  • Like the Mughal army, the Company’s army was also composed of the cavalry and the infantry regiments, with the cavalry dominating the army. 
  • As the warfare technology changed from the 1820s, the cavalry recruitments of the Company’s army declined.
  • The soldiers of the Company’s army had to keep pace with changing military requirements and its infantry regiments now became more important.
  • In the early 19th century the British began to develop a uniform military culture.
  • Soldiers were increasingly subjected to European style training, drill, and discipline.
  • Caste and community feelings were ignored.

Download all the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 2 from the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 2 - From Trade to Territory

To get NCERT Solutions for all Chapters of Class 8 Social Science, go to the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - History, Geography, Civics

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