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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 7 - Civilising the Native, Educating the Nation

Get here the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 7 with the easiest and the simplest answers. All the questions and answers are available here in PDF format.

Jun 17, 2020 14:31 IST
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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 7
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 7

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 Civilising the Native, Educating the Nation will provide you with the precise and simple answers to all the questions given at the end of the chapter. These NCERT Solutions are provided for the questions given in chapter 7 of the latest NCERT Book for Class 8 Geography. You can easily download all the questions and answers in PDF format and refer to them to complete your homework assignments and while preparing for the examinations.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 - Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation

Let’s Recall

1. Match the following:

William Jones

Promotion of English education

Rabindranath Tagore

Respect for ancient cultures

Thomas Macaulay

Gurus

Mahatma Gandhi

Learning in a natural environment

Pathshalas

Critical of English education

Answer:

William Jones

Respect for ancient cultures

Rabindranath Tagore

Learning in a natural environment

Thomas Macaulay

Promotion of English education

Mahatma Gandhi

Critical of English education

Pathshalas

Gurus

2. State whether true or false:


(a) James Mill was a severe critic of the Orientalists.

(b) The 1854 Despatch on education was in favour of English being introduced as a medium of higher education in India.

(c) Mahatma Gandhi thought that promotion of literacy was the most important aim of education.

(d) Rabindranath Tagore felt that children ought to be subjected to strict discipline.

Answer:

(a) True

(b) True

(c) False, Mahatma Gandhi considered education as an all-round development of a man be it physical, metal or spiritual. He said that literacy is not the end of education.

(d) False, Rabindranath Tagore felt that childhood ought to be a time of self-learning, outside the rigid and restricting discipline of the schooling system.

Also Read:

NCERT Textbook for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Textbook for Class 8 Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science

Let’s Discuss

3. Why did William Jones feel the need to study Indian history, philosophy and law?

Answer:

William Jones shared a deep respect for ancient cultures, both of India and the West. He felt that study of Indian history, philosophy and law would not only help the British learn from Indian culture, but it would also help Indians rediscover their own heritage, and understand the lost glories of their past. In this process, the British would become the guardians of Indian culture as well as its masters. William Jones believed that only a new study of the legal texts could form the basis of future development in India.

4. Why did James Mill and Thomas Macaulay think that European education was essential in India?

Answer:

James Mill and Thomas Macaulay considered European education essential in India for the following reasons:

  • Macaulay felt that knowledge of English would allow Indians to read some of the finest literature the world had produced. It would make them aware of the developments in Western Science and philosophy. Teaching of English could civilize people, change their tastes, values and culture.
  • James Mill felt that the aim of education should be to teach what was useful and practical. So Indians should be made familiar with the scientific and technical advances that the West had made, rather than with the poetry and sacred literature of the ‘Orient’.
  • Both of them thought that European education would enable Indians to recognize the advantages that flow from the expansion of trade and commerce and make them see the importance of developing the resources of the country.
  • They also felt that introducing the Indians to European ways of life, would change their tastes and desires, and create a demand for British goods, for Indians would begin to appreciate and buy things that were produced in Europe.

5. Why did Mahatma Gandhi want to teach children handicrafts?

Answer:

According to Mahatma Gandhi, literacy in itself was not education. He argued that education ought to develop a person’s mind and soul. Literacy or simply learning to read and write by itself did not count as education. People had to work with their hands, learn a craft. He thought that the child’s education should begin by teaching him/her useful handicrafts and enabling them to create something from the moment they begin training.  Learning handicraft would develop their minds and their capacity to understand.  This would also enable them to know how different things operated.

6. Why did Mahatma Gandhi think that English education had enslaved Indians?

Answer:

Mahatma Gandhi argued that colonial education created a sense of inferiority in the minds of Indians. It made them see Western civilisation as superior and destroyed the pride they had in their own culture. Gandhi thought that there was poison in English education. And it was sinful, it enslaved Indians and cast an evil spell on them. The English education institutes were entirely charmed by the West and they appreciated everything from the West. The Indians educated from such institutions began admiring British rule. Mahatma Gandhi wanted an education system that could help Indians regain their sense of dignity and self-respect.

Download all the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 from the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 - Civilising the Native, Educating the Nation

To get NCERT Solutions for all Chapters of Class 8 Social Science, go to the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - History, Geography, Civics

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