NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024: The NEET Chemistry syllabus has been revised for the 2024-25 session. The syllabus has been reduced with nearly 9 units being eliminated from the previous syllabus. This change aims to streamline the syllabus and emphasize the fundamental concepts crucial for medical education. Therefore, students are advised to check the latest syllabus to prepare for NEET 2024.
The NEET Chemistry syllabus covers both 11th and 12th grade material. To ensure a comprehensive understanding and avoid any confusion during NEET preparation, students must thoroughly study the prescribed topics. The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) 2024 solely based on the revised syllabus.
The NEET Chemistry Syllabus consists of physical, organic and inorganic chemistry. Students can check the chapters and topics from the detailed syllabus here.
NEET Exam Pattern 2024
The NEET Exam 2024 will consist of 180 Multiple Choice Questions. Out of these, 45 questions will be from Physics and Chemistry each while the remaining 90 questions will be asked from Biology (Botany and Zoology).
Number of Questions
15 (Only 10 to be attempted)
To check the details of question paper pattern and marking scheme for NEET 2024, Click Here
NTA NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024
Class 11 Chemistry Topics for NEET 2024
UNIT 1: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
- Matter and its nature
- Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules.
- Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.
UNIT 2: Atomic Structure
- Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of the hydrogen atom.
- Bohr model of a hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model; Dual nature of matter, de Broglie's relationship.
- Heisenberg uncertainty principle.
- Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of the atom, and its important features.
- Concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions: Variation of ψ and ψ2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals: quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their
significance; shapes of s, p, and d - orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number: Rules for
filling electrons in orbits - Aufbau principle. Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals
UNIT 3: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
- Kossel-Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds;
calculation of lattice enthalpy.
- Covalent bonding: concept of electronegativity. Fajan's rule, dipole moment: valence Shell
Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
- Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory - its important features.
the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance.
- Molecular orbital Theory - Its important features. LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals
(bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of
homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length, and bond energy.
- Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.
UNIT 4: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS
- Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.
- The first law of thermodynamics - concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess's law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization, and solution.
- The second raw of thermodynamics - Spontaneity of processes: ΔS of the universe and ΔC of the system as criteria for spontaneity. ΔGo (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.
The full syllabus can be checked from the following link: