As per 2009 Court order, it is mandatory for all Delhi Schools to have at least one special educator in each school for special needs of the children these educators train the teachers teaching in the schools in a way that addresses students’ individual differences and needs. Common special needs include learning disabilities, communication disabilities, emotional and behavioral disorders, physical disabilities, and developmental disabilities. Students with these kinds of special needs are likely to benefit from additional educational services. However, as per the figures there are only three teachers for 315 students in around 200 schools in Gurgaon.
The Right to Education Act ensures that every child with special needs is provided meaningful and quality education irrespective of the category, kind and degree of disability. The right to education encompasses the obligation to rule out discrimination at all levels of the educational system, to set minimum standards and to improve quality of education.
Mina Yadav, a government school teacher in Nathupur village said- “We have 20 differently-abled kids in our school. Their teachers visit the school just twice or thrice a week”. Gurgaon has only one special needs school, catering to 265 hearing impaired students does not have a single teacher who understands sign language. On top of this, the principal admits that one school is inadequate to meet the needs of the district. Gurgaon Schools lack basic infrastructure - ramps or lifts for orthopedically-impaired children, books printed in Braille for visually-impaired students and interpreters for hearing-impaired students, which compels parents of special needs children to send them to resource centres in Gurgaon, Sohna, Pataudi and Manesar, set up as coordination points to support schools with special children. These points have three-five special educators.
The district administration claimed that there are only six sanctioned special educator posts for Gurgaon for over 300 kids and 24 for the district for 1,060 students.