Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises procedures that involve altering or injuring the female genitalia for non-medical reasons. It is recognised internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women.
The World Cancer Day was observed across the world on February 4, 2018 with an aim to unite the world’s population in the fight against cancer. The theme for the World Cancer Day 2016-2018 is ‘We can. I can.’
To mark the day this year, Election Commission and Facebook announced rolling out a new feature “Take the Pledge” on the Facebook that will send a reminder to users aged 18 years and above to take the pledge to vote.
The National Girl Child Day was observed across India on January 24, 2018. The day is celebrated to increase the awareness among people about all the inequalities faced by the girl child in the society. It also aims to highlight the importance of education, nutrition, legal rights, medical care and safety of girl children.
On 22 December 2005, the General Assembly identified solidarity as one of the fundamental and universal values through its resolution 60/209. As per the resolution, solidarity should underlie relations between peoples in the Twenty-first century. In this regard, the assembly also decided to proclaim 20 December of each year as the International Human Solidarity Day.
The total number of international migrants has increased from an estimated 175 million in 2000 to 244 million in 2015. Nearly two thirds of all international migrants, that is 76 million people, live in Europe or Asia.
The 27th National Energy Conservation Day was celebrated in New Delhi with Indian President Ram Nath Kovind being the chief guest at the event. The day is aimed at demonstrating India’s achievements in energy efficiency and conservation.
International Mountain Day was observed across the world on 11 December 2017 with the theme ‘Mountains under pressure: climate, hunger and migration’. More than half of the human population depends on the mountains for resources such as fresh water, food and clean energy, which are becoming increasingly scarce with time.
Every year USD 1 trillion is paid in bribes while an estimated USD 2.6 trillion are stolen through corruption, which is a sum equivalent to more than 5 per cent of the global GDP. In developing countries, funds lost to corruption are estimated at 10 times the amount of official development assistance.
International Civil Aviation Day was observed on 7 December 2017 with the theme ‘Working Together to Ensure No Country is Left Behind’. The current theme was selected by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) council for a period of four years from 2015 to 2018.
The World Soil Day was observed across the world on 5 December 2017 with the theme ‘Caring for the Planet starts from the Ground’. The soil is a finite and non-renewable natural resource. It can help alleviate food insecurity. It is the source of 95 per cent of our food.
To commemorate the day, 20 innovations were shortlisted from for central evaluation. These innovations range from innovative repairs to complex system modules to development of new techniques to save money, time and manpower.
The International Day of Persons with Disabilities was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in 1992. Considering the plight of disabled, the United Nation adopted 'Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities' in 2006. In total, 160 countries have signed the convention.
This year, the United Nations also launched a campaign #myrighttohealth with the main focus on the right to health. The campaign along with this year's theme aims spread awareness about 'Right To Health' of everyone, everywhere. And, right to health is linked to a wider set of rights.
The United Nations General Assembly on 17 December 1996 proclaimed 21 November as World Television Day through its resolution 51/205. The assembly recognised the increasing impact of TV on decision-making by bringing world attention to conflicts and threats to peace and security.
World Fisheries day was celebrated across the world on 21 November 2017. The day is celebrated annually by the fishing communities through rallies, workshops, public meetings, cultural programs, dramas, exhibition, music show and demonstrations to highlight the importance of maintaining the world's fisheries.
The 237th Corps of Engineers Day was celebrated in a solemn ceremony conducted at ‘Amar Jawan Jyoti’, India Gate in New Delhi. The day is celebrated to commemorate the raising of first Engineer Company in 1780.
The National Foundation for Communal Harmony (NFCH), an autonomous organisation under the Ministry of Home Affairs, organises Communal Harmony Campaign along with the Qaumi Ekta Week and observes the Communal Harmony Flag Day on 25 November.
The International Day for Tolerance was celebrated across the world on 16 November 2017.The observance aims to bolster United Nations’ commitment to strengthen tolerance in the world by fostering mutual understanding among cultures and peoples.
The Day also aims to raise public awareness of the importance of philosophy and its critical use in life. The Day encourages academic exchange and highlights the contribution of philosophical knowledge in addressing global issues.
Currently, there are over 199 million women living with diabetes and this total is projected to increase to 313 million by 2040. Diabetes is the ninth leading cause of death in women globally, causing 2.1 million deaths each year.
The World Science Day for Peace and Development was observed across the world with the theme ' Science for Global Understanding'. The day highlights the significant role of science in society and the need to engage public in debates on emerging scientific issues. It also underlines the importance and relevance of science in our daily lives.
The day is celebrated to spread awareness among people across the world in matters related to the dangers of tsunami. It stresses on the importance of early warning systems in order to mitigate damage from the often devastating natural hazard.