This year, Human Rights Day marked the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a document that proclaimed the rights which everyone is essentially entitled to as a human being regardless of race, colour, religion, sex, language, national or social origin, property, or birth.
The World Soil Day was observed across the world on December 5, 2018. The day is observed annually to highlight the importance of healthy soil and advocate for the sustainable management of soil resources.
The Navy day is celebrated every year to commemorate the success of Operation Trident of Indian Navy on Karachi Harbour during the 1971 Indo-Pak war. Under Operation Trident, the Indian Navy sank four vessels near the largest Pakistani port of Karachi and ravaged the Karachi harbour fuel fields, killing over 500 Pakistani Navy personnel.
The International Day of Persons with Disabilities was observed globally on December 3, 2018 with the theme “Empowering persons with disabilities and ensuring inclusiveness and equality”. The theme focuses on empowering persons with disabilities for an inclusive, equitable and sustainable development as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The Constitution of India is a supreme law of India, which lays down the framework that defines the political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of Government institution.
The World Toilet Day was observed across the world on November 19, 2018. The day’s main focus is to inspire action to tackle the global sanitation crisis. The 2018 theme of the International Day is ‘toilets and nature’.
The Public Service Broadcasting Day was observed across India on November 12. The day is observed every year to commemorate the first and last visit of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi to the studio of All India Radio, Delhi in 1947.
The World Science Day for Peace and Development was created as follow-up to the World Conference on Science, organised jointly by UNESCO and the International Council for Science in Budapest (Hungary) in 1999.
Ayurveda is perceived as one of the well documented systems of medicine. Prevention of disease and promotion of health is the main aim of Ayurveda. Lord Dhanvantari is considered as divine propagator of Ayurveda. Therefore, Dhanvantari Jayanti was preferred for celebration of Ayurveda Day by the Ministry of AYUSH to nationalise this system of medicine.
On this occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi dedicated world's tallest ‘Statue of Unity’ to the nation at Kevadiya in Narmada district of Gujarat. The Prime Minister also unveiled the ‘Wall of Unity’, a wall created with the earth samples collected from various states across the country.
The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty was observed across the world on October 17, 2018. The 2018 theme of the day is - coming together with those furthest behind to build an inclusive world of universal respect for human rights and dignity.
The 2018 theme continues as part of the "Sendai Seven" campaign, centred on the seven targets of the Sendai Framework. This year focuses on Target C of the Sendai Framework, which is, ‘reducing disaster economic losses in relation to global GDP by 2030’.
The International Day of the Girl Child was observed across the world on October 11, 2018. The day aims to highlight and address the needs and challenges faced by girl children while promoting their empowerment and the fulfilment of their human rights.
The Air Force Day was officially celebrated for the first time on October 8, 1932 as an auxiliary air force of Indian Empire. The day was observed to increase the awareness about the importance of Indian Air Force in any organisation of the national security.
The 2018 theme of the Day was ‘The right to education means the right to a qualified teacher’. This theme was chosen to mark the 70th anniversary of the ‘Universal Declaration of Human Rights’ (1948), which recognises education as a key fundamental right, a right that cannot be fulfilled without qualified teachers.
The International Day of Non-Violence was observed across the world on October 2, 2018, on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of Indian independence movement and pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence.