At least 10 Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) are in serious danger of being lost forever. This was revealed by a study released by the conservation society Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) in the second week of November 2014.
The study revealed that the IBAs including famous Flamingo City of Kutch, Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary in Solapur-Ahmednagar of Maharashtra and Sewri-Mahul Creek in Mumbai are among the most threatened habitats in India.
Flamingo City is possibly the only breeding ground of the migratory bird in a great magnitude in Asia.
The Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary is home to the critically endangered Great Indian Bustard. The population of birds at Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary has plummeted from 27 birds in 2006 to 12 in 2012 and a mere three birds in 2013.
The other bird habitats which are in grave danger of losing tree cover include
• Sailana Kharmor Sanctuary in Ratlam, Madhya Pradesh
• Tillangchong in Andaman-Nicobar
• Dihaila Jheel and Karera Wildlife Sanctuary in Shivpuri, Madhya Pradesh
• Basai in Gurgaon, Haryana
• Sardarpur Florican Sanctuary in Dhar, Madhya Pradesh
• Ranebennur in Haveri, Karnataka
The study also revealed that there are many other IBAs though not on this list but those IBAs are threatened by various types of unsustainable human interference.
According to the study, destruction or disturbance due to infrastructure development, wrong anti-people conservation policies, indiscriminate livestock grazing, industrial and sewage pollution, indiscriminate agricultural expansion including use of pesticides, rapid urbanisation and poaching are some of the major reasons for the loss of biodiversity and habitat.
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