The 126th birth anniversary of Dr Babasaheb Bhim Rao Ambedkar, also known as Ambedkar Jayanti , was observed across the India on 14 April 2017.
Dr Ambedkar was known as the father and architect of the Indian Constitution. He was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement.
To mark Ambedkar Jayanti 2017, the Union Government launched various initiatives including a BHIM Aadhaar platform for merchants and few cashback and bonus schemes for BHIM (Bharat Interface for Money).
About Dr B R Ambedkar
• B R Ambedkar was born to a Mahar (dalit) caste family on 14 April 1891 in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh (now known as Dr Ambedkar Nagar).
• He completed his school from Elphinstone High School and later pursued a degree in economics and political science from Elphinstone College, University of Mumbai.
• With the help of a scholarship, he completed his Masters in Economics (Major) at Columbia University and Doctor of Science in Economics from London.
• Throughout his life, he fought against untouchability and played a major role in Mahatma Gandhi-led Harijan movement, protesting against social injustices faced by people from backward castes.
• On 29 August 1947, he was appointed as the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee, where he was asked to write India's new Constitution, which was adopted in November 1949 by the Constituent Assembly.
• Ambedkar resigned from the cabinet in 1951 following the stalling in parliament of his draft of the Hindu Code Bill.
• Later, he pointed out that Hinduism is the foundation of the caste system. In 1956, he converted to Buddhism.
• He brought the reservation law in India for the lower caste communities.
Dr Ambedkar's Contribution to Indian Constitution
• Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar is referred to as the Father of Indian Constitution or Architect of the Indian Constitution.
• He played a fundamental role in framing the Indian Constitution and basing it on the high pedestal of socio-politico-economic equality that still holds relevance in the context of issues currently faced by India.
• He was a strong advocate of the parliamentary democracy since the inception of the Government of India Act, 1935. He also advocated a federal structure of the Union and States.
• He was an ardent champion of fundamental rights which is enshrined in Part-III of the Indian Constitution. The text prepared by Ambedkar provided constitutional guarantees and protections for a wide range of civil liberties for individual citizens.
• He also framed Article 32, soul of the Constitution, in the constitution which is very significant in the sense that it makes the fundamental rights justifiable. Any violation of it can lead to Supreme Court to issue directions, orders or writs.
What: Observed nationwide
When: 14 April 2017
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