The Union Government on 27 November 2017 constituted Fifteenth Finance Commission under the chairmanship of former bureaucrat NK Singh. The Commission will make recommendations for five years commencing on 1 April 2020.
Constituted under clause (1) of article 280 of the Indian Constitution, the commission came into force with the approval President Ram Nath Kovind.
The other members of the 15th Finance Commission are Shaktikanta Das, former Secretary to Union Government and Anoop Singh, Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University.
While, Chairman of Bandhan Bank Ashok Lahiri and Member of NITI Aayog Ramesh Chand will be the Part time members of the Commission. Arvind Mehta will be the Secretary to the Commission.
The Commission will submit its report by 30 October 2019.
Terms of Reference of 15th Finance Commission
• It will make recommendations on the distribution of net proceeds of taxes between Centre and States.
• It will recommend the principles which will govern the grants-in-aid of the revenues of the States out of the Consolidated Fund of India.
• It will recommend measures needed to augment the Consolidated Fund of a State to supplement the resources of the Panchayats and Municipalities on the basis of the recommendations made by the State Finance Commission.
• It will review the current status of the finance, deficit, debt levels, cash balances and fiscal discipline efforts of the Centre and the States and recommend a fiscal consolidation roadmap for sound fiscal management.
• It will look at the resources of the Central Government and the State Governments for the five years commencing on 1 April 2020 on the basis of the levels of tax and the non-tax revenues.
• It will look at the impact of GST, including payment of compensation for possible loss of revenues for 5 years and abolition of a number of cesses and other structural reforms programme on the finances of Centre and States.
• It may review the present arrangements on financing Disaster Management initiatives, with reference to the funds constituted under the Disaster Management Act, 2005 and make appropriate recommendations thereon.
• It will indicate the basis on which it has arrived at its findings and make available the State wise estimates of receipts and expenditure.
• The Commission can also use the population data of 2011 while making its recommendations.
15th Finance Commission to propose performance-based incentives for States
The 15th Finance Commission may propose measurable performance-based incentives for States in following areas:
• Efforts made by the States under GST
• Efforts and progress made in moving towards replacement rate of population growth
• Achievements in implementation of schemes of Government
• Progress made in increasing capital expenditure and eliminating losses of power sector.
• Progress made in increasing tax and non-tax revenues, promoting savings by adoption of Direct Benefit Transfers and Public Finance Management System
• Progress made by promoting digital economy
• Progress made in promoting ease of doing business
• Progress made in sanitation, solid waste management and bringing in behavioural change to end open defecation.
When: 27 November 2017