The 20th edition of the Corruption Perceptions Index 2014 was released on 3 December 2014. The Index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in 175 countries and territories.
The 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index shows that economic growth is undermined and efforts to stop corruption fade when leaders and high level officials abuse power to appropriate public funds for personal gain.
It also highlighted that corporate secrecy and global money laundering is makes it harder for emerging economies to fight corruption.
India with a score of 38 was ranked 85th among 175 nations on the index, thus improving its position slightly compared to 96th position and a score of 36 in 2013. Its ranking though an improvement from 2013 is still lower than sub-Saharan countries such as Benin and Burkina Faso.
Highlights of the index
• No single country got a perfect score and more than two-third countries scored below 50, on a scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).
• The index was topped by Denmark with a score of 92. It was followed by New Zealand and Finland with a score of 91 and 89 respectively. At fourth and fifth place lied Sweden and Norway with a score of 87 and 86 respectively.
• At the bottom of the list are South Sudan (171), Afghanistan (172), Sudan (173) and North Korea and Somalia shared the last place at 174 with a score of 8 each.
• Turkey, Angola, China, Malawi and Rwanda saw the biggest fall in their scores. These all countries noted a fall of – 4 in their scores compared to 2013 despite experiencing an average economic growth of more than 4 percent over the last four years.
• The biggest improvement in scores over 2013 were witnessed in Côte d´Ivoire, Egypt, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (+5), Afghanistan, Jordan, Mali and Swaziland (+4).
• It called on countries at the top of the index where public sector corruption is limited to stop encouraging it elsewhere by doing more to prevent money laundering and to stop secret companies from masking corruption.
• Countries at the bottom need to adopt radical anti-corruption measures in favour of their people. Countries at the top of the index should make sure they don’t export corrupt practices to underdeveloped countries.
Corruption Perception Index 2014 and India
• India with a score of 38 has been ranked 85 out of 175 nations once again highlighting that corruption still remains rampant in the country
• Corruption continues to be India's biggest challenge despite the engagement, innovation and participation of vibrant civil society, media and people at large.
• Corruption in India emanates from the inadequacy of structures of accountability and transparency to deter the corrupt and the access to such mechanisms by the people.
• To tackle corruption, the conversion of political commitment to concrete action at the highest level of government is needed. That is, it needs stronger law enforcement, corruption watchdogs and protection of whistleblowers.
• The low score of India at 38 along with low scores of other countries in the Asia-Pacific region indicate a general weak or ineffective leadership to counter corruption, posing threats for both sustainability of their economies and somewhat fragile democracies.
• The low score of India also sends a loud statement that leaders must create societies that are more systematically resistant to corruption. That means taking a more inclusive approach to fighting corruption.
Corruption and money laundering are also problems for the other BRIC countries. South Africa is the highest ranked country in the BRICS. It is ranked 67 with a score of 44. Next among the BRICS is Brazil ranked 69 with a score of 43 followed by India ranked 85 with score 38, China ranked 100 with score 36 and Russia ranked 136 with a score of 27.
Among the SAARC countries, Bhutan is ranked highest and Afghanistan lies at the bottom. Bhutan is ranked 30 with a score of 65 whereas Afghanistan is ranked 172 with a score of 12. In between lies India and Sri Lanka at 85 with a score of 38, Pakistan and Nepal at 126 with a score of 29 and Bangladesh at 145 with a score of 25.
About Corruption Perceptions Index
The Corruption Perceptions Index is prepared by Transparency International (TI) which is a global coalition against corruption. The Index is based on expert opinions of public sector corruption and countries are ranked on the basis of corruption perception score measured on the scale of 0 – 100. A score of 0 means highly corrupt country whereas a score of 100 means very clean country.
Transparency International (TI) is based in Berlin Germany and its Managing Director is Cobus de Swardt.
At present, TI is running a campaign called Unmask the Corrupt, urging European Union, United States and G20 countries to follow Denmark’s lead and create public registers that would make clear who really controls, or is the beneficial owner, of every company.
When: 3 December 2014