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25th anniversary of Fall of Berlin Wall celebrated in Germany

Nov 10, 2014 16:16 IST

Germany on 9 November 2014 celebrated the 25th anniversary of fall of the Berlin Wall. The celebrations were attended by German Chancellor Angela Merkel.

On the occasion, white balloons marking a stretch of the wall were released to symbolize the disappearance of the wall.


The fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989 was the most significant event in recent German history and the wall.  

Background
The Berlin Wall was built in 1961 by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) to stop people fleeing from East Germany to the West.

The wall was a symbol of division between the Eastern and Western Germany and its fall in 1989 marked a powerful symbol of the end of the Cold War. Within a year of its collapse, Germany divided after its defeat in World War Two was reunited.

About the Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall stretched for 155 kilometers through Berlin of which only 3 kilometer is in existence now also. The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area (later known as the death strip) that contained anti-vehicle trenches, fakir beds and other defenses.


The Berlin Wall was officially referred to as the Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart by GDR authorities. The West Berlin city government sometimes referred to it as the Wall of Shame—a term coined by mayor Willy Brandt—while condemning the Wall's restriction on freedom of movement.

 

 

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