African Union Peace and Security Council restored membership of Egypt

Jun 19, 2014 12:12 IST

The African Union’s Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) on 18 June 2014 unanimously restored the membership of Egypt into the apex body of African nations. The decision was reached at the meeting of the 15-member states of AUPSC in Addis Ababa, Egypt.

With this restoration, Egypt became eligible to participate in the PSC and African Summit to be held later in June 2014 in Malabo, the capital of Equatorial Guinea.

Background
Egypt was suspended from the 54-nation bloc in July 2013 after the ouster of the President Mohamed Morsi by the then Army Chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi who is the country’s current president.


Earlier, Nkosazana Dalmini-Zuma, the African Union chief in April 2014 had said that Egypt would return to the Union after the implementation of its transitional roadmap. The transitional roadmap comprised of three steps that was to be completed within one year. These were:
• Drafting and ratifying a new Constitution
• Electing a President through democratic process
• Election to be held for Parliament before July 2014

Egypt drafted and ratified a new Constitution that guaranteed public liberties in January 2014. To observe the implementation of second step, the AU in May 2014 sent a mission headed by former Mauritanian Prime Minister Mohamed al-Amin Walad Akik to monitor presidential elections held on May 25-26. He subsequently issued a report to the effect that, except for a few violations, the voting process was impartial and transparent.

The third and last step is election of a parliament for which the procedures must commence before 17 July 2014.

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