Researcher K Ramakrishna Reddy has discovered a group of caves that was inhibited by ancient humans in Akkampalli of Andhra Pradesh. This site is considered to be contemporary to the rock sites that exist at Ketavaram and Chintakunta of the state.
Archeological Importance of the discovery
This discovery of the five caves is important with the perspective of archeology because they have ancient artworks that represent the civilisation and culture of 7000 year ago. Of these five caves three are natural and two are rock cut. The artworks of the caves provide an idea about the culture, belief, life and behavior of that era.
The artworks depict the presence of crocodiles in the area because many pictures of crocodiles are drawn but at present there is no existence of water in the area.
Following the artworks, the caves have been named as Musalla Gunda (boulder of crocodile). Reddy visited the site and conducted a study on the caves as part of his doctoral thesis.
Previous depictions of the crocodiles in India in other rock art sites is in Bhanpura-Gandhi Sagar area of Madhya Pradesh
Apart from this, Andhra Pradesh also has two more prehistoric rock sites and they are
• Ketavaram – this site contains about 100 human and animal figures drawn on basalt rocks of a period ranging from 6000 BC to 200 AD
• Chintakunta – this site is considered as the 2nd largest rock art site in India and contains about 200 paintings of deer, elephants, bulls, rabbits, foxes, hyenas and others along with humans
Where: Akkampalli of Andhra Pradesh
When: February 2014