Cabinet approves pacts by EXIM Bank under BRICS mechanism

Sep 28, 2017 12:19 IST
pacts by EXIM Bank under BRICS mechanism

Prime Minister Narendra Modi led Union Cabinet has given its nod for the signing of Interbank Local Currency Credit Line Agreement (ILCCLA) and (ii) Cooperation Memorandum Relating to Credit Ratings by Exim Bank with participating member banks under BRICS Mechanism.

However, both these agreements and the MoUs are umbrella pacts, and therefore, non-binding on partners, the Board of Directors of Exim Bank has been given authorization to negotiate and sign any individual contracts and commitments within their framework.
 
Impact of the pact

The Agreements signed by EXIM will promote multilateral interaction within the BRICS nations in the area of mutual interest. It will also deepen economic and political relations with BRICS nations.
 
This agreement signed by Exim Bank will in the international platform along with large development finance institutions, like VEB, CDS and BNDES.

Once the agreement signed by the Exim Bank, it may leverage this umbrella agreement, and can enter into bilateral agreement with any of these member financial institutions to raise resources for its function.

Whenever an opportunity comes for co-financing in commercial terms, by any 2-member institutions (say South Africa and India), lending in single currency by both the institutions would also be feasible.
 
Background

Exim Bank undertakes the financial facilitates and promotes India's international trade. It provides competitive finance at various stages of the business cycle covering import of technology, export production, export product development and export credit at post-shipment stages and pre-shipment stages and investments overseas. 

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Interbank Local Currency Credit Line Agreement
 
The Agreement on Extending Credit Facility in Local Currency under the BRICS Mechanism had a validity of 5-years, which has expired in March 2017.
It is understood that some of the member banks have entered into bilateral agreements for local currency financing under the Master Agreement signed in 2012.
Although the current conditions are not conducive to usage, it was useful to keep the same alive as an enabling feature in case a suitable opportunity materializes in future.

The Exim Bank raises finances in the off-shore market in different currencies and swaps to mitigate the risk. The umbrella Agreement would serve as an enabler to enter into bilateral agreements with member countries banks subject to regulations, national laws, and internal policies of the signatories.
 
Cooperation Memorandum Relating to Credit Ratings

  1. Cooperation Memorandum Relating to Credit Ratings would enable sharing of credit ratings amongst the BRICS countries banks, based on the request received from other banks.
  2. It is an ideal mechanism to alleviate the credit risks associated with cross-border financing.
  3. In future, this mechanism would serve as a pioneer to the plan of having an alternate rating agency by BRICS nations.

 The Agreement and the MoU have also been highlighted in the BRICS Leaders Xiamen Declaration made in Xiamen, China on 4th September 2017.

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