The Planning Commission of India decided to prepare a comparative data for the Department of Food in order to roll out the National Food Security Ordinance in all the States. The comparative data will be based on NSSO Statistics, which covers the food consumption patterns and differential pricing in rural and urban areas in different States.
This step would help the Union Ministry of Food and Public distribution to take an immediate call on the basis of which, it will allocate food grain to different States for coverage of 75 percent of the rural population and 50 percent of the urban population under the National Food Security Ordinance.
The aim of the Central Government is to protect the current allocation to States under the Targeted Public Distribution System, which will be based on the average lifting of food grains by States in the last three years.
Identification of beneficiaries
• The work of identification of eligible households is proposed to be left to the States/Union Territories.
• The States will have to decide on how to identify eligible households so that they may frame their own criteria or use the Social Economic and Caste Census (SECC) data 2011.
• Poverty levels were de-linked from food benefits after the controversy over the plan panel’s 28 Rupees per capita per day spending definition of rural poverty.
• According to authoritative sources, although the SECC was not meant for the purpose of identification of beneficiaries under the food security legislation, anything else will be arbitrary as there is no comparable data for identification of eligible beneficiaries.
Haryana to rely on Central Data for identifying Beneficiaries
Haryana State Government is one of the first few states that planned to roll out the ambitious National Food Security Ordinance (NFSO) from 20 August 2013.The state decided to rely on the data sought from the Union Government of India for the identification of priority households (the beneficiaries) in the state.
The identification of priority households will be based on the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) 2011 conducted by the Registrar General of India, Union Ministry of Rural development and Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation. The National Food Security Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 22 December 2011 to addresses the issue of food security in a comprehensive way.