Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, J Jayalalithaa who suffered a cardiac arrest on Sunday passed away on 5 December 2016. She was 68. AIADMK supremo breathed her last at 11:30 PM at Apollo Hospital, Chennai.
She was put on heart assist device following the attack and her condition was stated to be critical by senior doctors at the Apollo hospital.
The minister was brought in with complaints of temperature, dehydration, and congestion on 22 September 2016 but after the tests, it was revealed that there was a collection of fluid in her lungs and she was put under observation. UK critical care specialist Richard Beale was specially flown in to evaluate Jayalalitha’s reports. A three-member team of specialists was also dispatched from AIIMS to provide Amma with best medical care and opinion.
In a press release on 4 November, the Apollo Hospital stated that she had fully recovered and was now “conscious and aware of things around her. Though she still stayed at the hospital, she didn’t neglect her duties as the CM and continued working from there.
Of late, her conditions were said to be improving. In fact she was even cleared to go home on 4 December 2016, the same day she suffered a massive cardiac arrest, after which she was put on Extra-Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation device (ECMO).
The 24 hours following the news of CM’s cardiac arrest were perhaps the most crucial for the state. The state was put on high alert and thousands of police personnel were summoned to the Apollo hospital to control the crowd and maintain law and order in case the situation worsened. All police officers, regardless of their rank were asked to be on duty until further orders.
With Apollo hospital and Dr. Richard Beale repeatedly stressing on the fact that the CM’s condition is critical and extremely grave, an urgent AIADMK meeting was called to discuss the future of the party leadership as well as the state. As final news of amma’s death spread, tension gripped the city and condolences started pouring in from top leaders of parties from across India.
All of Tamil Nadu has been brought to a standstill. A corridor of police personnel was formed starting right from Apollo to Poes Garden, the residence of the former CM to provide a safe passage to the CM's body. The state government has announced a seven-day State Mourning from 6 December 2016. During this period, the national flag on all government buildings will be flown at half-mast. The government also declared a three-day holiday for all educational institutions in the state.
Besides, the neighbouring union territory of Puducherry has also announced a holiday for all government offices and educational institutions on 6 December 2016 as a mark of respect to Jayalalithaa.
About J Jayalalithaa
• In the 1980s, she was made the propaganda secretary of AIADMK by founder-leader MG Ramachandran
• She entered the Rajya Sabha in 1984
• In 1989, she was elected to the Tamil Nadu assembly for the first time after which she became the Chief Minister of the state in 1991
• She is the second female chief minister of Tamil Nadu after Janaki Ramachandran
• She is called Amma (Mother) and Puratchi Thalaivi (Revolutionary Leader) by her followers.
• The five-time Chief Minister, Jayalalithaa was a pioneer of several social sector schemes like
a) Cradle to baby scheme aimed at fighting the curse of female foeticide
b) Amma Canteens to provide low-priced food to the urban poor
c) Other similar pro-poor schemes launched by her included 'Amma salt', 'Amma water' and 'Amma medicines'.
• Before starting her political career, she acted in over 100 movies mostly in Tamil, Telugu and Kannada. She also acted in few Hindi and English films.
• She made her debut in a Kannada movie at the age of 16.
• Some of her films included Vennira Aadai (her first Tamil movie), Pattikada Pattanama, Aayirathil Oruvan (for which she won Filmfare Award for Best Actress in 1973) Sri Krishna Satya
• Her last film was the Nadhiyai Thedi Vandha Kadal (1980)
• She was born on 2 February 1948
What is ECMO?
• It is an advance life support system that helps provide oxygen to the body when the patient's lungs or heart are unable to do so.
• It is generally put to use when the patient becomes unresponsive to conventional CPR or Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
• It works by draining blood from a vein and connecting it to an oxygenator machine.
• A patient can be on the device for several days or even weeks. However the longer the patient stays on the device, the less chances the person has of recovering fully.