China on 10 March 2013 unveiled its Government Restructuring Plan, according to which the most powerful Railways Ministry will be dissolved, while the National Family Planning Commission will be merged with the Ministry of Health. It is said to be the biggest reduction in the cabinet-level entities since 1998.
The major changes that will be seen in the Chinese Government after restructuring are as follows:
• The Ministry of Railways will be dissolved. The commercial functions of the Ministry of Railways will be taken over by the China Railway Corporation. The Ministry of Transport will be the in-charge of development and planning of the Chinese railways.
• The National Family Planning Commission will be merged with the Ministry of Health. It is important to note that National Family Planning Commission is that agency of China which controls the one-child policy.
• The new Government Restructuring Plan of China will have focus on boosting the food and drug safety by combining the responsibilities and duties of various agencies into the General Administration of Food and Drug. Newly formed administration will have the responsibility of taking over the duties of Food Safety Office of the State Council, State Food and Drug Administration, food supervision branch of the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine as well as the State Administration for Industry and Commerce.
• There will be a merger of two main media watchdogs- the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television as well as the General Administration of Press and Publication.
• There will also be a reorganisation of the National Oceanic Administration. It will come under Ministry of Land and Resources. Management over the maritime enforcement efforts which were performed by various agencies such as coastguard forces and customs will be consolidated within the Public Security Ministry. Fisheries enforcement will come under Agriculture Ministry.
• Apart from the Ministry of Railways, the State Electricity Regulatory Commission will also be dissolved. The responsibility of State Electricity Regulatory Commission will be taken over by the reorganised National Energy Administration. National Energy Administration will in turn remain under National Development and Reform Commission.
Apart from all this, there will be 25 state council-level agencies which are as follows:
• Ministry of Foreign Affairs
• Ministry of Defense
• National Development and Reform Commission
• Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
• State Ethnic Affairs Commission
• Ministry of Public Security
• Ministry of State Security
• Ministry of Supervision
• Ministry of Education
• Ministry of Civil Affairs
• Ministry of Justice
• Ministry of Environmental Protection
• Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
• Ministry of Commerce
• Ministry of Culture
• Ministry of Science and Technology
• Ministry of Finance
• Ministry of Water Resources
• Ministry of Agriculture
• Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security
• Ministry of Land and Resources
• National Health and Family Planning Commission
• People's Bank of China
• National Audit Office
• Ministry of Transport
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