Egypt Court Banned Muslim Brotherhood

Sep 24, 2013 14:02 IST

The Egypt Court on 23 September 2013 banned the Muslim Brotherhood from carrying out any activities in the country.

The court also ordered the interim government to seize the Brotherhood's funds and form a panel to administer its frozen assets until any appeal has been heard.

The administrative court gave the ruling after a lawsuit was filed by the leftist Tagammu Party to review the Islamist group's status as a non-governmental organisation.

The 85-year-old Islamist movement was banned by Egypt's military rulers in 1954, but registered itself as an NGO in March 2013.

The Brotherhood also has a legally registered political wing, the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), which was set up in 2011 as a "non-theocratic" group after the uprising that forced President Hosni Mubarak from power.

On 2 September 2013, Egypt's State Commissioners Authority, a body that advises the government on legal issues, recommended the Brotherhood's dissolution after claims circulated of its links to armed militias. The authority's recommendations, which are non-binding, were made in accordance with an Egyptian law that prohibits non-government organisations and institutions from forming paramilitary groups.

Egyptian authorities launched a crackdown against the group following the ouster of president Morsi, who hails from the group, by the military on July 3 after mass protests against him and the group.

About Muslim Brotherhood

The Muslim Brotherhood movement is the country's oldest and largest Islamist organisation, meaning its ideology is based on the teachings of the Koran.

Founded by Hassan al-Banna in 1928, the Muslim Brotherhood - or al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun in Arabic - has influenced Islamist movements around the world with its model of political activism combined with Islamic charity work.

The movement initially aimed simply to spread Islamic morals and good works, but soon became involved in politics, particularly the fight to rid Egypt of British colonial control and cleanse it of all Western influence.

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