Egypt's army chief Gen Fattah al-Sisi on 27 January 2014 was promoted to the rank of Field Marshal (the highest in the military). His promotion came amid speculation that the military strongman way readying for the Presidential bid. Fattah al-Sisi is the person who ousted the Islamist President, Mohammed Morsi.
The presidential decree of promoting the 59-year-old Sisi to the rank of Field Marshal was issued by the interim president Adly Mansour. Egypt's army rarely promotes senior officers to the rank of a field marshal.
The top military body of Egypt has also given its approval for armed forces chief field Marshal Abdul Fattah al-Sisi to run for the presidency. SCAF (Supreme Council of the Armed Forces) held an hour-long meet to discuss the demands of people that is candidacy of Sisi in presidency elections. His promotion to the army’s top rank also came during the meet only, which is the final hounour before he stands down for presidency elections.
After stepping down as the chief of army of Egypt, al-Sisi will be replaced by chief-of-staff, Gen Sedky Sobhy as head of the armed forces.
About Fattah al-Sisi
He became popular after ousting the former President in July 2013. Since then several campaigns has been carried out to pressure Sisi to run for the presidency in the upcoming elections. Morsi appointed Sisi as the Minister of Defence in August 2012 and before this appointment he served as the head of military intelligence since 2010. To place al-Sisi as the army chief and defence minister, Morsi replaced the then military chief Hussein Tamtawi, who ruled the country between Hosni Mubarak’s ouster in February 2011 and election of Morsi in June 2012.
Egypt and presidential elections
Mansour has announced that the presidential elections of Egypt will held before the parliamentary polls, which is an amendment of the transitional roadmap that has been agreed by various political parties since July 2013, the month of ouster of Morsi. The decree of the interim president says that the procedures to hold the polls in no less than 30 days and not more than 90 days by Supreme Presidential Electoral Commission (SPEC) that will be followed by the successful passage of the newly-amended constitution. The amended constitution of Egypt was put into effect on 18 January 2014 following two-day referendum on 14 and 15 January 2014, that has received 98.1 percent majority approval of the charter.