The French-Egyptian archaeological mission from French Institute for Archaeological Studies (IFAO) discovered the oldest harbour of the world in Egypt. It is believed that it dates back to 4500 years. The harbour was discovered on Red Sea coast, which is said to be that of Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops) in the Fourth Dynasty.
This oldest known commercial harbour was discovered at Wadi Al-Jarf area, which is 180 km south of Sueze, Egypt. The team in the meanwhile also discovered the oldest papyri in Egypt.
Pierre Tallet, Egyptologist at the University of Paris-Sorbonne and director of the archaeological mission explained that the evidences from the site indicate towards the fact that it dates back to over 1000 years any other harbour was known in the world.
The harbour is said to be most important commercial ports. From this port, trading trips to export important minerals as well as copper from Sinai were launched.
Apart from this port, the archeologists also discovered the collection of vessel anchors which were carved in the stone. Various docks were also discovered.
During the excavation, the Minister of State for Antiquities of Egypt, Mohamed Ibrahim announced that overall a collection of 40 papyri which displayed the details of the daily life of Egyptians during 27th year of King Khufu's reign were unearthed.
These papyri were extremely important because they shed light on the daily life of ancient Egyptians.