GAIL India announced successful commissioning of 5 million tonne capacity Dabhol liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal on 10 January 2013 at Ratnagiri in Maharashtra. This is the third LNG terminal. The remaining two are set up at Dahej and Hazira in Gujarat.
With the commissioning of 5 million tonnes (MT) capacity Dabhol LNG terminal, the overall capacity of India to manage the imported LNG reached approximately 20 MT per annum. The Dabhol LNG terminal was set up at a cost of 4000 crore Rupees. This terminal would play a crucial role in meeting the demands of the industries in Maharashtra.
State-owned GAIL India planned to expand its terminal to 7.5 MT by 2015 and thereafter increasing its capacity to 10 MT by 2017. The Dabhol LNG terminal would act as entry for natural gas to western as well as southern parts of India including Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Goa and Maharashtra.
Ratnagiri Gas and Power Private limited (RGPPL) operates the Dabhol LNG terminal. RGPPL is the joint venture of NTPC and GAIL India as the prime shareholders along with the rest of the equity held by Maharashtra State Electricity Board and financial institutions. GAIL however is the commercial operator of this terminal and had started commissioning cargo for it back in December 2012.
At present, the LNG demand of India is satisfied only by Dahej and Hazira. In light of the decrease in home gas production, the present gas capabilities operate at their maximum rates. Commissioning of Dabhol LNG terminal will help in facilitating the higher volumes of LNG imports.