Government of India (Union Home Ministry) on 27 February 2014 constituted one-man expert committee to study and examine the demand of a separate Bodoland state, which will be carved out from Assam. The one-man committee will be headed by former Union Home Secretary G K Pillai and will submit its report in nine months after consulting all sections of the society on the viability of a separate state.
Government for the first time had formed such a committee to examine the demand of Bodoland in Assam. The demand for a separate Bodoland has identified following the decision of the government to form a new Telangana State. At present major Bodo outfits have intensified their agitation with the demand of a separate state for the Bodo tribals. Bodo tribals mostly live in a few districts of the northern bank of the Brahmaputra River in Assam.
Earlier in 2003, the government constituted an autonomous Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) by signing an accord after years of violent agitation that claimed hundreds of lives. In 2012 the BTC area has witnessed ethnic clashes between the Bodo tribals and immigrant Muslims.