Iraqi President Mohammed Fuad Masum named Haider al-Abadi as the new Iraqi Prime Minister on 11 August 2014. Masum has given thirty days to Haider al-Abadi to form the next government and present it for the approval of parliament.
Before being nominated for the post of Iraqi Prime Minister, Haider al-Abadi was deputy parliament speaker. He was nominated for the post by the Iraqi National Alliance, a coalition of Shia parties.
The purpose of this move is to ensure country’s security which collapsed during rule of Nuri al-Maliki, Prime Minister of Iraq since 2006. It was believed that Maliki’s policies were partly responsible for the violence that has gripped Iraq badly.
Iraq’s Political Scenario
• Top political positions in Iraq are shared in a way that the President is a Kurd, Speaker is a Sunni Arab and Prime Minister is a Shia.
• Nuri al-Maliki held the post of Prime minister for two terms and is pressing for the third one. His sectarian policies radicalized Sunni Arabs which worsened the situation in Iraq.
• It is now believed that the next new governments under Haider al-Abadi will help build a consensus in the country by supporting the battle against the militants of Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
Who: Haider al-Abadi
When: on 11 August 2014