Highest percentages of hired workers in India are present in Arunachal Pradesh. This was revealed by the provisional results of the 6th Economic Census All India Report 2013 released on 9 September 2014.
According to the report, even in sectors like education and health, Arunachal Pradesh has the highest percentage of hired workers among all States. The percentage of female hired workers in Arunachal Pradesh is 30.3 percent.
Other highlights of 6th Economic Census related to Arunachal Pradesh
- The total number of establishments in the state is 36602. Out of these, 19288 are in rural areas and 17314 are in urban areas.
- The growth rate of establishments at all India level was 41.73 per cent, while at the state level it was 34.09 per cent.
- The growth rate in the number of establishments over the fifth Economic Census is 34.09 per cent and that of total employment is 17.73 per cent.
- The average number of workers per establishments in Arunachal Pradesh was found to be higher than the national average. This is despite the fact that the State has the lowest population density and sparse workforce.
- The growth rate of total number of persons employed at the State level was recorded at 17.73 percent as against All India level of 34.73 percent over 5th Economic Census 2005.
- The number of establishments in urban areas in the State increased at 83.22 percent. This is more than three times the population growth in the State.
- The growth in urban areas in the State between 5th Economic Census 2005 and 6th Economic Census 2013 is due to notifying of 10 districts or SDO headquarters having concentration of establishment as urban areas.
- In rural areas, the increase in number of establishment in the State during 2005 to 2013 was 8.08 percent which is three times less than the population growth in the State.
- The average number of workers per establishments was found to be higher than the national average in spite of the having the lowest population density and sparse workforce.
- About 6th Economic Census 2013
- The 6th Economic Census has been a joint effort of Central Statistics Office (CSO) and Directorates of Economics and Statistics (DES) of States and Union Territories. It was conducted on All India basis during January 2013 to April 2014.
- The activities covered in the Sixth Economic Census have a share of about 86% in total GDP of the country.
- The Economic Census (EC) enumerated all establishments engaged in various agricultural and non-agricultural activities excluding crop production, plantation, public administration, defence and compulsory social security.
- Enumeration Blocks of Population Census, 2011 were used as the primary geographical units for collection of data
- Data for handicraft/handloom establishments were collected for the first time.
- Total number of establishments counted is about 58.5 million.
- Nearly 59.9 percent of the establishments belong to rural areas.
- About 20.5 percent of the establishments operate from outside household without fixed structure.
- About 3.8 percent of the establishments are engaged in handicraft/ handloom activities.
- Growth rate in number of establishments over Fifth EC (2005) is 41.7 percent
- Total number of persons employed is about 128 million with rural share of 51.9 percent
- Percentage of hired workers is about 45.7 percent
- Percentage of female workers is 25.6 percent
- Growth rate in total employment over Fifth EC (2005) is 34.4 percent
About Economic Census
Economic Census (EC) is the complete count of all establishments (i.e. units engaged in production and/or distribution of goods and services not for the purpose of sole consumption) located within the geographical boundaries of the country. In India five Economic Censuses have been conducted in the past. These were conducted during 1977, 1980, 1990, 1998 and 2005.
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