14 September: Hindi Diwas
Hindi Diwas was celebrated across India on 14 September 2013 for commemorating the occasion of adoption of Hindi as the official language of Constituent Assembly on 14 September 1949.
Objective of celebrating the Hindi Diwas
It is worth noticing that on 14 September 1949, Hindi language was accorded the status of Official Language of the Union by the Constitution-makers of India. Since then, every year, 14 September is observed as the Hindi Diwas.
On the occasion of Hindi Diwas, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee also conferred the awards in different categories for the excellence in different fields pertaining to Hindi at a function in Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi.
On the occasion, Rajbhasha Awards were conferred upon the Ministries, Departments, PSUs and Nationalised Banks.
Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi as the Official Language of the Union
On 14 September 1949, Hindi was adopted as an official language of the Constituent Assembly. The decision of using Hindi as the official language was ratified by the Constitution of India that came into effect on 26 January 1950. Under the Article 343 of the Indian Constitution, the Devanagri script of Hindi was adopted as the official language.
After the declaration, non-Hindi speaking states received a grace period of 15 years till the year 1965 in order to witch over to Hindi language completely. It was declared that Hindi would be the only working language of the Union Government of India as well as the State Governments.