NGO Human Rights Watch (HRW) report titled They Say We’re Dirty: Denying an Education to India’s Marginalized was released on 22 April 2014.
The survey was conducted to examine continuing obstacles to proper implementation of the Right to Education (RTE) Act, 2009 which came into effect in 2010. The survey was conducted across four states, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Delhi.
The report observes how marginalized children are vulnerable to exclusion and denied right to child-friendly and equitable environment promised under RTE Act.
Highlights of the Report
• Discriminations in classrooms and schools is a major factor impeding access to education for children of Dalits, tribal groups, Muslims and other marginalised sections.
• The students of disadvantaged sections brought into education mainstream faces discrimination, get isolated in class and are insulted in public.
• The discrimination are in various forms which includes teachers asking dalit children to sit separately or making insulting remarks about Muslim and tribal students and village authorities not responding when girls are kept away from classroom.
• Teachers and other students often address children using derogatory terms for their caste, community, tribe or religion.
• In some schools, dalit children are not considered for leadership roles such as class monitor because of caste or community. Many are expected to perform unpleasant tasks like cleaning toilets.
• Marginalised neighborhood schools have the poorest infrastructure and least trained teachers and many schools have fewer teachers than required.
The report recommends more focus on retention of children in school till they are 14 years. Besides it recommends to establish a system to monitor and track all children from enrolment to the time they reach grade VIII. Also, a uniform protocol needs to be set up for identifying children who are out of school, have dropped out, or are at risk of dropping out.
When: 22 April 2014