IGAD-PLus brokered Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan came into effect on 29 August 2015. South Sudan is the youngest nation and came into existence in 2011.
The agreement was signed by the president of South Sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit and the leader of the armed faction SPLM/A-IO Riek Machar Teny.
The objective of the agreement is to end the inter-ethnic Dinka-Neur conflict started in December 2013 that led to the killing of around 1 lakh civilians.
The conflict was an outcome of power struggle between the incumbent president Kiir (Dinka) and former vice-president Riek (Neur) that later turned into inter-ethnic conflict.
The agreement is comprehensive in the sense it deals with power sharing at the centre and provinces, role of military in the country among others.
• The grouping is a loose association of member countries that are involved in the peace process of South Sudan.
• The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) forms the core of the grouping.
• IGAD is an eight-country trade bloc in Africa. It includes governments from the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Eritrea), Nile Valley (Sudan and South Sudan), and the African Great Lakes (Kenya and Uganda).
• IGAD was established in 1986 and is headquartered in Djibouti City.
• IGAD-PLus includes IGAD Partners Forum (IPF), African Union (AU),the United Nations (UN), the European Union (EU), the Troika (Norway, UK and USA), Australia, China, Denmark, Japan, Netherlands, Sweden and Turkey.
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Where: South Sudan
What: Came into effect
When: 29 August 2015