India and Mongolia on 17 May 2015 signed 13 agreements to further enhance bilateral ties and co-operation between the two countries. India also announced to provide one billion US dollar credit to Mongolia.
The agreements were inked during the Prime Minister Narendra Modi visit to Mongolia. Modi’s visit to Mongolia is the first ever visit of Indian Prime Minister to the country.
Prime Minister Modi is on a three nation visit to China (14 May to 16 May 2015), Mongolia (17 May 2015) and Korea (18 May to 19 May 2015).
The 13 Agreements include
• Revised Air Services Agreement: This Agreement updates from previous arrangements of international air services between India and Mongolia, both being parties to the Convention on International Civil Aviation.
• Treaty on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons: Under the treaty, Indian prisoners convicted in Mongolia can be brought to India to serve the remaining part of their sentence. Similarly Mongolian citizens convicted in India can be sent to their home country to serve their sentence.
• Agreement on Cooperation in the Field of Animal Health and Dairy: This Agreement envisages joint cooperation activities in the areas of dairy, quality control, modern technical application and marketing in dairy, animal disease control measures, etc.
• MoU on Cooperation in the Field of Traditional Systems of Medicine and Homeopathy: This MoU intends to establish broad based cooperation in forms such as exchanging of experts for training of practitioners, mutual recognition of pharmacopoeias and formularies, educational qualifications and traditional preparations, setting up of Academic Chairs, providing scholarships, and others.
• MoU on Establishment of Cyber Security Training Centre in the Ministry of Defence of Mongolia: Under this, India will establish a Cyber Security Training Centre and will also undertake the training of personnel in cyber security.
• MoU on Establishment of India-Mongolia Joint Friendship School in Mongolia: This MoU is for the establishment of a school jointly by India and Mongolia which would follow an open, inclusive and flexible curriculum to harness the potential of each child enabling them to grow both personally and professionally.
• Programme on Cooperation in the field of Culture for the Years 2015-2018: This Agreement aims to enhance cooperation in the field of culture through organization of exhibitions, film festivals and also exchange of experts, students, journalists, etc.
• MoU for Cooperation between the National Security Council of India and Mongolia: This MoU was entered to hold regular consultations alternatively in New Delhi and Ulaanbaatar. It would cover both traditional and non-traditional security issues, counter-terrorism, intelligence cooperation and exchange, and others.
• MoU on Cooperation between the Ministry of External Affairs of India and Mongolia: The MoU will focus on all aspects of the bilateral relationship, especially in the areas of political, economic, commercial, scientific, technical and cultural cooperation. The MoU supersedes the existing Protocol on Cooperation between the Ministry of External Affairs of India and Mongolia signed on 17 September 1996.
• MoU for cooperation on development of new and renewable energy technologies: This will cover cooperation on Solar Energy and Wind Energy through the modalities of exchange of information and personnel, transfer of equipment and know-how, development of joint research or technical projects, determination of renewable energy resources, etc.
• MoU on enhancing cooperation between the border guarding forces: This MoU envisages the setting up of a Joint Steering Committee between Ministry of Home Affairs of India and General Authority for Border Protection of Mongolia for cooperation in the areas of capacity building, exchange of best practices, conduct of joint exercises, technologies for border guarding, surveillance and policing, etc.
• MoU between the Tata Memorial Centre of India and the National Cancer Center of Mongolia for Gifting Bhabhatron-II Tele-therapy Unit along with a Radiotherapy Simulator: Guided by the MoU signed between the two countries on the 14 September 2009 for mutual cooperation, the present MoU sets the terms and conditions for the presentation by the Government of India, through TMC of one unit each of the Bhabhatron-II Telecobalt Unit and the Radiotherapy Simulator designed, developed and manufactured in India.
• MoU to enhance their skills and improve the training programme in both the countries: This MoU would help in exchange of trainees, students, faculty members and experts between India and Mongolia.
Apart from this, during this visit of Modi, the two nations issued joint statement on strategic partnership. Modi also addressed to the Mongolian Parliament and gifted a rare history manuscript to Mongolian president.
Besides, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi also met with Prime Minister Chimed Saikhanbileg of Mongolia in Ulaanbaatar. He also visited Gandan Tegchinlen Monastery in Ulaanbaatar.
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Who: India and Mongolia
When: 17 May 2015