India celebrates 72nd Independence Day

Aug 15, 2018 20:39 IST
India celebrates 72nd Independence Day

India on August 15, 2018 celebrated its 72nd Independence Day by paying tribute to its previous leaders and freedom fighters.

The Day witnessed the unfurling of the National flag at Red Fort in Delhi by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. On the eve of 72nd Independence Day, President Ram Nath Kovind addressed the nation and called for creative thinking in governance that enables fast-track development and ensures social harmony.

India gained its independence from British Rule on August 15, 1947.

How is Independence Day celebrated in India?

  • Every year, India celebrates Independence Day on 15 August at Red Fort.
  • The Army, Navy and Air Force march across the fort while school children perform for dignitaries and audience present.
  • President of India gives a speech every year in order to “Address to the Nation” on the evening of a day before the Independence Day.
  • The Prime Minister of India hoists the Indian flag on the Red Fort, Delhi.
  • After the flag hoisting, National Anthem song is sung and twenty-one gun shots are fired to salute and honour the Indian flag and solemn occasion.
  • The Prime Minister highlights over all the achievements of past year, important social issues and solutions, further development in the country.

How India achieved independence?

• The Indian Independence Act, 1947 of the Parliament of the United Kingdom partitioned British India into the two new independent dominions of India and Pakistan (including Bangladesh) with effect from August 15, 1947. However, the Act received royal assent on July 18, 1947.

• On June 3, 1947, the then Viceroy Lord Louis Mountbatten advanced the date of independence to August 15, 1947 so as to mark the second anniversary of Japan's Surrender in World War II.

• On February 20, 1947, the Labour government under Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced that the British government would grant full self-governance to British India by June 1948.

Significance of 15 August

  • On this day, the UK Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act, 1947 and transferred the legislative sovereignty to the Indian Constituent Assembly.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India, hoisted the Indian flag at the Lahori Gate in Red Fort, New Delhi on this day, 71 years ago.
  • Lord Mountbatten insisted to observe August 15 as the Independence Day of India as this day is also celebrated for the victory of British allied force over Japan during World War II.
 

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Who: India

What: celebrates 72nd Independence Day

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