India develops National Action Plan to combat Antimicrobial Resistance
The plan highlights the need for tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR) across multiple sectors such as human health, animal husbandry, agriculture and environment in consideration of the “One-Health” approach.
J P Nadda, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, on 19 April 2017 announced the finalization of India’s comprehensive and multi-sectoral National Action Plan.
The announcement was made at the Inter-Ministerial Consultation on AMR containment held in New Delhi.
The National Action Plan aims to enhance awareness, strengthen surveillance, improve rational use of antibiotics, reduce infections and promote research. The plan highlights the need for tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR) across multiple sectors such as human health, animal husbandry, agriculture and environment in consideration of the “One-Health Approach".
Ram Vila Paswan, Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Anil Madhav Dave, Minister of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, and Anupriya Patel, MoS (Health & Family Welfare) also signed a ‘Delhi Declaration’ for collectively strategizing to contain AMR.
The Delhi Declaration pledges to espouse a holistic and collaborative approach towards prevention and containment of AMR in India. It also calls on all stakeholders, including United Nations, World Health Organisation, Food and Agriculture Organization, to support the development and implementation of the national and state action plans on AMR.
Points to remember
In 2015, the World Health Organization, the Food and Agricultural Organization and the World Organization for Animal Health developed a Global Action Plan on AMR.
India, along with other member states, will have to submit their National Action Plans by May 2017.
India’s National Action Plan highlights six strategic priority areas namely:
• Awareness and understanding through education
• Communication and training
• Strengthening knowledge and evidence through surveillance
• Infection prevention and control
• Optimised antimicrobial use in health, animals and food, AMR-related research and innovation
• Strengthened leadership and commitment at international, national and sub-national levels