India was ranked 102 out of 132 countries on the Social Progress Index (SPI) published by the US-based non-profit organisation Social Progress Imperative on 3 April 2014. This is the second publication of the SPI. The first SPI was published in 2013 taking into account the social progress in 50 countries.
The 2014 SPI has shed light on the current debates about inclusive growth and shared prosperity. The SPI rates 132 countries on more than 50 indicators, including health, sanitation, shelter, personal safety, access to information, sustainability, tolerance and inclusion and access to education.
Main highlights of SPI
India’s performance on various dimension
India was ranked 102 out of 132 countries on the social progress index. Performance of India is good in the areas of Nutrition and Basic Medical care. Overall score of India on Social Progress Index is 50.24.
Basic Human Needs Dimension- India does best in areas including Nutrition and Basic Medical Care and has the greatest opportunity to improve human wellbeing by focusing more on Shelter. India achieved 100th rank with 54.48 score.
Foundations of Wellbeing Dimension- India excel at providing building blocks for people's lives such as Access to Basic Knowledge. India achieved 108th rank with score 56.84 score.
Opportunity Dimension- India outperforms in providing opportunities for people to improve their position in society and scores highly in Personal Freedom and Choice dimension. India achieved 109th rank with 39.39 score.
What is Social Progress Index?
This index is based on the writings of Amartya Sen, Douglass North, and Joseph Stiglitz and it is an aggregate index of 54 social and environmental indicators that capture three dimensions of social progress: Basic Human Needs, Foundations of Wellbeing, and Opportunity. The Index measures social progress strictly using outcomes of success, not how much effort a country makes.
Social Progress Index is based on three factors
1. Basic Human needs: (a) Nutrition and Basic Medical Care; (b) Water and Sanitation; (c) Shelter; and (d) Personal Safety
2. Foundations of well being: (a) Access to basic Knowledge; (b) Access to information and communications; (c) Health and Wellness; and (d) Ecosystem sustainability
3. Opportunity: (a) Personal Rights; (b) Personal Freedom and Choice; (c) Tolerance and Inclusion; and (d) Access to Advanced education