India will host the next steering committee meeting of the proposed Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline.
The decision was taken during the sixth joint Inter-Governmental Committee (IGC) meeting on trade, economic, scientific and technological cooperation.
About Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India gas pipeline
• The Turkmenistan–Afghanistan–Pakistan–India Pipeline, also known as Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline, is a natural gas pipeline being developed by the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
• The pipeline will transport Caspian Sea natural gas from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan into Pakistan and then to India.
• On 24 April 2008, Pakistan, India and Afghanistan signed a framework agreement to buy natural gas from Turkmenistan.
• The intergovernmental agreement on the pipeline was signed on 11 December 2010 in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. However, India and Afghanistan, in April 2012, failed to agree on transit fee for gas passing through Afghan territory.
• Consequently, Pakistan and India too could not agree on the transit fee for the segment of the pipeline passing through Pakistan, which has linked its fee structure to any India-Afghanistan agreement.
• On 16 May 2012, the Afghan Parliament approved the agreement on a gas pipeline and the day after, the Indian Cabinet allowed state-run gas-firm GAIL to sign the Gas Sale and Purchase Agreement (GSPA) with Turkmengaz, Turkmenistan's national oil company.
• Construction on the project started in Turkmenistan on 13 December 2015.
• The pipeline is expected to be operational by the year 2019.
• The pipeline will be 1420 millimetres in diameter with a working pressure of 100 standard atmospheres.
• The capacity will be 33 billion cubic metres of natural gas per year of which 5 billion cubic metres will be provided to Afghanistan and 14 billion cubic metres to each Pakistan and India.
• The pipeline will start from the Galkynysh gas field. In Afghanistan, TAPI pipeline will travel alongside the Kandahar–Herat Highway in western Afghanistan, and then via Quetta and Multan in Pakistan. The final destination of the pipeline will be the Indian town of Fazilka, near the Indo-Pak border.
When: Announced in August 2017
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