Indian space programme created history as Mangalyaan entered Mars orbit successfully

Sep 24, 2014 09:13 IST

Mars Orbiter MissionIndia’s Mars Orbiter Mission, Manglayaan on 24 September 2014 successfully entered the Martian orbit. To insert the spacecraft into the orbit the operation was started at scheduled time 07:17:32 am when its Liquid Apogee Motor (LAM) was fired for 24 minutes 16 seconds.

By achieving this fete, India created the history of becoming the first country to insert the spacecraft of the mission around the Mars in first attempt. Apart from this, India also came one step closer to its cherished dream of landing on Mars.

This success of the scientists of ISRO was witnessed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who was present at the ISRO to see the crucial Mars Orbiter Insertion. After success of the mission, the Prime Minister congratulated the entire team of ISRO as well as the people of India for the great success.

Other dignitaries present at the ISRO were Union Railway Minister Sadananda Gowda, Union Minister of State for Civil Aviation G M Siddeshwara, Indian Space Research Organisation Chairman, Dr. K Radhakrishnan and Senior Scientist UR Rao.

Earlier on 22 September 2014, ISRO test-fired the crucial Liquid Apogee Motor (LAM) of the Mission’s main engine successfully.

Manglayaan

Till date various countries has sent 51 missions to Mars of which only 21 were successful. This success of Mars orbiter Mission in the very first shot will boost India's global standing in Space.

Mangalyaan is primarily a technological mission and it has been configured to carry out observation of physical features and the atmosphere of Mars.  India on 5 November 2013 launched its first interplanetary mission from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. The mission was executed within 15 months at the cost of 450 crore ($74 million) after the Union Government gave its approval for the mission.

Comparison of India’s Manglayaan and MAVEN of the US

On 22 September 2014, when MOM's motor engine was test fired to insert it into Martian orbit, the MAVEN of US entered the Martian orbit

 

MOM (Manglayaan)

Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN)

Attempts

Placed in first attempt

Was placed in 15th attempt

Cost

75 million US dollar

671 million US dollar

Weight during Lift-off

1350 kilograms

2250 Kilograms

Patyloads

Carried 5 payloads

Carried 7 payloads

Reach

closest distance from Mars is 377-423 kilometer

150 kilometer

Objective

The main focus of the study will be finding the presence of methane in the red planet.

 

To study upper atmosphere of the red planet. It is the first spacecraft dedicated to explore the tenuous upper atmosphere of Mars.

Is this article important for exams ? Yes608 People Agreed
Read more Current Affairs on: India’s Mars Orbiter Mission , Manglayan , Martian orbit

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