International Day for Preventing Exploitation of Environment in War and Armed Conflict observed

Nov 6, 2016 10:02 IST

6 November: International Day for Preventing Exploitation of  Environment in War and Armed Conflict

The International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict was observed globally on 6 November 2016.

On 5 November 2001, the UN General Assembly declared 6 November of each year as the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict through  resolution A/RES/56/4.

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On 27 May 2016, the United Nations Environment Assembly adopted resolution UNEP/EA.2/Res.15 to recognize the role of healthy ecosystems and sustainably managed resources in reducing the risk of armed conflict.

It also committed itself towards the full implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals listed in General Assembly resolution 70/1 entitled Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Background

• Though mankind has always counted its war casualties in terms of dead and wounded soldiers and civilians, destroyed cities and livelihoods, the environment has often remained the unpublicized victim of war.
• Water wells have been polluted, crops torched, forests cut down, soils poisoned, and animals killed to gain military advantage.
• Furthermore, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has found that over the last 60 years, at least 40 percent of all internal conflicts have been linked to the exploitation of natural resources.
• Conflicts involving natural resources have also been found to be twice as likely to relapse.

 

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