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International Mother Earth Day observed across the world on 22 April 2014

Apr 22, 2014 09:09 IST

International Mother Earth Day: 22 April (This year, Earth Day is a call to action - a global referendum on climate change)

Every year on 22 April, the world observes International Mother Earth Day to create awareness and also to support environmental protection. The Earth Day 2014 will focus on green cities and will mobilize million of people to create a sustainable, healthy environment by greening communities worldwide.

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The global theme for 2014 International Mother Earth Day is Green Cities because in the present world, the world’s population migrates to cities and this action of human has raised concern to create sustainable communities than ever before.

Steps that can help to transform our cities and forge a sustainable future as nothing is more powerful than the collective action of a billion people
• Smart investments in sustainable technology (Invest in efficiency and renewable energy)
• Forward-thinking public policy
• An educated and active public
• Rebuild our cities and towns,
• Begin to solve the climate crisis

On this day, several people in 190 countries celebrate the day by planting trees, clean up their communities on behalf of the environment.

History of Earth Day
Earth Day is being celebrated across the world since 1970 and the first Earth Day was celebrated on 21 March 1970, the day of vernal equinox that year. The concept of observing Earth Day is the brainchild of John McConnell. He proposed the idea of a global holiday called Earth Day at a UNESCO conference on Environment in 1969.

He chose the vernal equinox—the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere, the first day of autumn in the southern hemisphere—because it is a day of renewal. Vernal equinox is a day on which the night and day are of the same length, everywhere on Earth.

Further the UN Secretary-General U Thant on 26 February 1971 signed a proclamation that stated that the United Nations would celebrate Earth Day annually on the Vernal Equinox as the international Earth Day.

A month later, United States Senator Gaylord Nelson founded a separate Earth Day as an environmental teach-in first held on 22 April 1970.

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