The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its report titled Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability in Yokohama, Japan on 30 March 2014.
The report has identified following eight risks which IPCC feels are identified with high confidence, span sectors and regions. These 8 risks are:
- Risk of death, injury, ill-health, or disrupted livelihoods in low-lying coastal zones and small island developing states and other small islands, due to storm surges, coastal flooding, and sea-level rise.
- Risk of severe ill-health and disrupted livelihoods for large urban populations due to inland flooding in some regions.
- Systemic risks due to extreme weather events leading to breakdown of infrastructure networks and critical services such as electricity, water supply, and health and emergency services.
- Risk of mortality and morbidity during periods of extreme heat, particularly for vulnerable urban populations and those working outdoors in urban or rural areas.
- Risk of food insecurity and the breakdown of food systems linked to warming, drought, flooding, and precipitation variability and extremes, particularly for poorer populations in urban and rural settings.
- Risk of loss of rural livelihoods and income due to insufficient access to drinking and irrigation water and reduced agricultural productivity, particularly for farmers and pastoralists with minimal capital in semi-arid regions.
- Risk of loss of marine and coastal ecosystems, biodiversity, and the ecosystem goods, functions, and services they provide for coastal livelihoods, especially for fishing communities in the tropics and the Arctic.
- Risk of loss of terrestrial and inland water ecosystems, biodiversity, and the ecosystem goods, functions, and services they provide for livelihoods.
IPCC Report and India
In this report, IPCC has held Global Warming responsible for Unseasonal rains in India. The panel warned that uncontrolled Global warming will adversely impact food production thereby increasing food cost.
It also said that Global warming can result in lack of fresh water. Panel also emphasized that it is manmade global warming. The report warns that due to global warming, poorer Nations may see fall in their GDP by 2%.
Impact of Global Warming on India
- Unseasonal rains
- Increasing Water Scarcity
- Lower Wheat Yields
- Increased incidence of heat waves
Shrinking Himalayan Glaciers
- Suggestions by the IPCC Panel with respect to India
- Government should use available Knowledge and Objective Information
- Upcoming government should address distortions in diesel prices
- Should encourage climate friendly schemes such as Solar power generation
- Strict implementation of the National Action plan on climate change
IPCC definition of Climate Change
The Report has defined Climate Change as a change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g., by using statistical tests) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer.
Climate change may be due to natural internal processes or external forcings such as modulations of the solar cycles, volcanic eruptions, and persistent anthropogenic changes in the composition of the atmosphere or in land use.
If you have any Question/Point on the above information, please ask/discuss it in the Current Affairs Group.