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IUCN Red List of Threatened Species released

Jun 13, 2014 18:20 IST

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) released the Red List of Threatened Species on 12 June 2014. The Japanese Eel has been listed as Endangered whereas the Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo (the mascot of the 2014 FIFA World Cup) remained Vulnerable.

Highlights of report
• The Japanese Eel (Anguilla japonica) has been listed as Endangered due to loss of habitat, overfishing, barriers to migration, pollution and changes to oceanic currents.
• The Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo (Tolypeutes tricinctus 2014 FIFA World Cup mascot,) remained Vulnerable due to a 50 percent loss of its dry shrubland Caatinga habitat.
• Over 94 percent of lemurs are threatened with extinction. Out of 101 surviving lemur species 22 are critically endangered, including the largest of the living lemurs the Large-bodied Indri. Lemurs are threatened by destruction of their tropical forest habitat in Madagascar.
• A total of 48 are endangered, Madame Berthe’s Mouse Lemur (Microcebus berthae) and 20 are Vulnerable.  Mittermeierthem is one of the most threatened groups of vertebrates on Earth.
• The Banana Orchid (Myrmecophila thomsoniana) - National flower of the Cayman Islands is included in the list of Endangered.
• Governor Laffan's Fern (Diplazium laffanianum is Extinct in the Wild due to the destruction of its habitat by human activities and introduction of invasive alien species.
• The Yarkon Bream (Acanthobrama telavivensis) and Kiss-lip Himri (Carasobarbus kosswigi),  fish species found only in Israel improved statues from extinct to Vulnerable.
• About 80 percent of temperate slipper orchids (North America, Europe and temperate Asia) and 79 percent of these popular ornamental plants are threatened with Extinction
• Freckled Cypripedium (Cypripedium lentiginosum) is among the Endangered and has fewer than 100 individuals remaining in south-eastern Yunnan in China and Ha Giang province of Vietnam. It is declined due to over-collection and deforestation.
• Dickinson's Cypripedium (C. dickinsonianum) is also endangered and has only a few scattered populations in Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras.

About IUCN
The International Union for Conservation of Nature is the world’s oldest and largest global environmental organisation. It was founded in 1948, is a leading authority on the environment and sustainable development. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

The IUCN Global Species Programme and the Species Survival Commission (SSC) has been assessing the conservation status of species, subspecies, and populations on a global and regional scale to highlight those threatened with extinction, to guide conservation action.

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