The Kiran Aggarwal Committee was constituted by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) under the Union Ministry of personnel public grievances and pensions. The role of this Committee was to give recommendations regarding the overall training or probation period of selected IAS Officers.
Issues considered by the Committee:
The Kiran Aggarwal Committee, while offering recommendations, focused on following issues:
• Refurbishing philosophy as well as approach towards Induction Training
• Revision of the Syllabus of academic inputs imparted at the Academy
• Revision of pedagogical methods and techniques consistent with adult learning
• Revision of system of evaluation
• Revision of Structure of District Training at the State
• Revision of duration of overall training and proper allocation of time across training courses
Main Recommendations of the Kiran Aggarwal Committee
One of the main recommendations of the Kiran Aggarwal Committee is to bring down the overall training period of IAS Officers from 103 weeks, that is, 2 years to 75 weeks, that is, one and a half year. Other recommendations of the Committee are as given below
• To reduce the overall training period of the IAS Officers from 103 weeks to 75 weeks.
• It has kept the duration of the foundation course same, that is at 15 weeks as is existent in the present system.
• It has proposed to reduce the duration of training for other three courses which has been tabulated below
|Type of Course||Duration in Proposed System||Duration in Existing System|
|Foundation Course||15 weeks||15 weeks|
|IAS Professional Course||21 weeks||26 weeks|
|District Training||33 weeks||54 weeks|
|IAS Professional Course (Phase II)||6 weeks||8 weeks|
|Total||75 weeks||103 weeks|
• To introduce a well organized mid-career training programme as well as the opportunities in order to avail the short-term refresher courses after having completed the 4 years of service.
• It has suggested that more emphasis should be given to on-job or practical training, thereby enabling the young officers to have more time in learning as the sub-divisional magistrates.
• Practical training should be given through the field postings in districts whereby the trainee officers could function independently.
• The service record of all the IAS Officers should be reviewed after 10, 15 and 25 years in order to impregnate more accountability and professionalism.
Why are reforms required?
• The reforms are the need of the hour in order to provide further strength to the country. This is so because, as of now, the reforms have not been up to the mark and have not matched the continuous transition in the social realities of India.
• A lot of focus is given right now to the classroom lectures as well as theory which are stretched over two years induction programme. This has continued since 1969. The Committee therefore suggested that keeping the changing social needs of India in mind, the induction programme should be brought down to 75 weeks.
• More emphasis on on-job or practical training would enable the young officers to have more time in learning as the sub-divisional magistrates. Also, practical training at the field postings level in districts would enable the trainee officers to function independently.
• Bringing down the training period would also help in mitigating the scarcity of junior-level IAS officers in a lot of states.
• To root out inefficient bureaucracy and impregnate more accountability and professionalism, it is better to make the IAS training module more flexible and structured as the Committee has suggested.
The recommendations of Kiran Aggarwal Committee were not approved by the Director of Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, the Academy which is responsible for conducting the training of IAS Officers. These recommendations were also disapproved by the Second Administrative Reforms Commission and RVV Ayyar Committee.
• The counterview is that while India is at the cusp of changing economic reforms, governance and development, it is therefore good administrative wisdom to continue with the same two-year training programme.
• It is argued that increase in the public-private type of development model as well as an increase in the multinational kind of operations at the district level also, would need a completely different kind of approach in public administration. For all this, an overall 2-year training programme is required than the short training programme.
Although there is a need of effective transformation, training and modern education in order to maintain coordination between developmental objectives and bureaucratic functioning. This would lead to accountability, productivity, efficiency and professionalism.
However, all this is not possible to be achieved in just a few weeks. This is so because the meritocratic recruitment of UPSC should be in accordance with the high-quality and intense training.