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Labour Day 2019 observed globally - Current Affairs

The Labour Day is celebrated to commemorate the happenings of May 4, 1886, the Haymarket affair (Haymarket Massacre) in the Chicago. In India, the first celebration of the Labour Day was organised in Madras (now Chennai) by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan on May 1, 1923.

May 1, 2019 10:30 IST
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Labour Day or May Day

1 May: Labour Day

The Labour Day was observed across the world on May 1, 2019. The day is also known as 'International Worker's Day' and also as the 'May Day'.

The day is celebrated by the working classes and is promoted by the international labour movement, socialists and communists.

Over 90 countries, including North Korea, celebrate Labour Day on May 1 as a national holiday.

First Labour Day celebrations in India


In India, the first celebration of the Labour Day was organised in Madras (now Chennai) by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan on May 1, 1923.

Why 1 May is observed as Labour Day?

The Labour Day is celebrated to commemorate the happenings of May 4, 1886, the Haymarket affair (Haymarket Massacre) in the Chicago.

The Haymarket Massacre was a big event wherein workers were on general strike demanding for eight-hour workday and police were doing their job of dispersing the general public from the crowd. However, a bomb was thrown over the crowd and police started firing, leading to the death of four demonstrator.

The sacrifice of these workers led to the declaration of eight-hours as the legal time for the workers in the National Convention at Chicago in 1884 by the American Federation of Labour.

To commemorate this event, the Second International, a pan-national organisation of socialist and communist political parties, marked 1 May as the Labour Day in 1891.