Literacy rate 71 percent in rural areas, 86 percent in urban areas: NSSO survey

Among the age group 7 years and above, the male literacy rate was registered at 83.2 percent vis-a-vis the female literacy rate of 67.1 percent.

Jul 1, 2015 11:11 IST
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National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) on 30 June 2015 released the 71st Round of its survey on Social Consumption: Education. The survey was conducted for the period of January to June 2014 and portrays the salient features relating to prime indicators on education as on 31 March 2014.

The survey covered entire country with samples taken from 36479 households in rural areas and 29447 in urban areas from 4577 villages and 3720 urban blocks. It was conducted on the basis of having any student aged between 5 and 29 years receiving technical/professional or general education.

Major findings of the Survey
• Adult literacy (age 15 years and above) rate in India was around 70.5 percent in 2014
• Among the age group 7 years and above, the male literacy rate was registered at 83.2 percent vis-a-vis the female literacy rate of 67.1 percent.
• Literacy rate (age 5 and above) in the rural areas was pegged at 71.4 percent in 2014, compared to 86.1 percent in the urban areas.
• The rural population in India for the age-group 5-29 years was estimated to be a little over 36 crores (47 percent) and the same for urban was approximately 14.5 crores (44 percent).
• For the country as a whole, 84 percent male and 83 percent female children in the age-group 6-10, the official age-group for Classes I-V, were reported to be attending primary classes. This symbolized no major rural-urban or male-female disparity in the country.
• Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Kerala, Goa, Delhi, Chandigarh and Lakshadweep had more than 90 percent of literates in 7+ age groups.
• Rural female literacy rates (for 7+ age) in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh were still low in comparison to all-India average.
• In terms of physical access to primary schooling within less than 1 km, more than 12 percent of rural households in India did not have any secondary schools within 5 kilometers whereas in urban areas such cases are insignificant (less than 1 percent).
• No major differences were observed between male and female persons in urban areas up to the level of higher secondary but such differences are noticeable in rural areas. The rural-urban and male-female disparities accentuate at higher education levels of graduation and above.
• In the rural areas nearly 4.5 percent of males and 2.2 percent of females completed education level of graduation and above, while in urban areas 17 percent of males and 13 percent of females completed this level of education.
• The adult literate females of the country was about 61 percent compared to 80 percent males and about 25 percent of adult females among the female literates had completed at least higher secondary (excluding diploma). For males it was about 27 percent.
• There was no noticeable rural-urban disparity observed among the persons currently attending educational institutions, but gender disparity can be observed in rural areas with 58.7 percent of males and 53 percent of females in the 5-29 age- group reported to be attending education.

National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) functions under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

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