Prime Minister Narendra Modi led NDA government announced some important policies in 2016 to take India forward in the path of development. We have compiled all the important policies with relevant information which are given below:
1.Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA)
On June 9, 2016, Narendra Modi government launched a new health program for pregnant women called Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA). The main purpose of this scheme is to fulfill the need of pregnant women to remain healthy through their period of pregnancy leading up to delivery. This scheme will address the high maternal mortality rate, along with high infant mortality rate. This scheme would help in bringing down both.
Under this initiative, all government health centers and hospitals shall offer a free health check up on 9th of every month to all pregnant women. Th e check-up will include blood test, haemoglobin test, blood pressure, sugar level test, general screening, and weight.
2. Stand up India
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the ‘Stand up India’ program in Noida on 5 April 2016. The main objective of this launch is to promote entrepreneurship in India, especially among SC and ST communities and women. It was the death anniversary of Dalit leader Babu Jagjivan Ram on 5 April and a perfect day to launch the initiative. This initiative will promote entrepreneurship with easier loans, the amount of which will be between Rs. 10 lakh and Rs.1 crore. The scheme will cover almost 2.5 lakh young aspiring entrepreneurs from marginalized communities to get easy loans from 1.25 lakh bank branches in different parts of the country. That means every branch of every bank will make sure that a Dalit person or a tribal or a woman will be given a loan.
3. Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
On 14 April, the occasion of the 125th birth anniversary of B. R. Ambedkar, the Indian government launched ‘Gram Swaraj Abhiyan’. This initiative will outreach 52,000 village panchayats. The objective of Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan is to speed up the overall rural development along with other budget allocations for Rural development.
4. Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission
Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 21 Fabruary, 2016. The objective of Shyama Prasad Mujherji Mission is to transform rural areas to socially, economically, and physically sustainable spaces. The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi today approved the SPMRM with an outlay of Rs. 5142.08 crores. The Mission focuses on the development of rural growth clusters which have a latent potential for growth, in all States and UTs. This would expedite overall development in the region. These clusters would be developed by provisioning of developing skills, economic activities, local entrepreneurship and providing infrastructure amenities. The Rurban Mission will boost development in a cluster of Smart Villages.
5. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana. This scheme aims for Providing Free LPG connections to Women from BPL Households. Under the scheme, Rs 8000 crore has been earmarked for providing five crore LPG connections to BPL households. The Scheme provides a financial support of Rs 1600 for each LPG connection to the BPL households. The identification of eligible BPL families will be made in consultation with the State Governments and the Union Territories. This Scheme would be implemented over three years, namely, the FY 2016-17, 2017-18 and 2018-19.
6. Setu Bharatam Program
On 4 March 2016, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Setu Bharatam program for building bridges for seamless and safe on National Highways. This program is aimed at creating good infrastructure network which is vital for the growth and development of a nation. The Setu Bharatam program focuses to make all national highways free of railway level crossings by 2019. This is being done to prevent the frequent accidents and loss of lives at level crossings. The Minister informed that 208 Railway Over Bridges (ROB)/Railway Under Bridges (RUB) will be built at the level crossings at a cost of Rs. 20,800 Cr as part of the program. In addition to this, about 1500 old and worn down bridges will also be improved by replacement/widening/strengthening in a phased manner at a cost of about Rs. 30,000 crore.
7. Lucky Grahak Yojana and Digi-Dhan Vyapar Yojana
The Government of India sought to promote digital payment methods to encourage consumers and merchants to growingly shift to these payment modes. To take this imitative forward, Lucky Grahak Yojana for Consumers and Digi-Dhan Vyapar Yojana for Merchants, was launched on 25th December 2016 at Vigyan Bhavan. The schemes aim at encouraging people to move towards significantly higher usage of digital transactions through the offer of incentives.Winners will be selected on a daily and weekly basis under the Lucky Grahak Yojana and weekly basis under the Digi-Dhan Vyapar Yojana respectively, leading up to 14th April 2017, when the schemes will culminate with a mega draw.
8. Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme
The government of India launched Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) for kerosene subsidy. This initiative will cut down the diversion and black marketing of the fuel. The new scheme has been rolled out in 26 districts across eight states from 1 April including Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan. The center earmarked 86.85 lakh kilolitres of subsidized PDS kerosene to states in the current financial year. The total annual consumption stands at 71.3 lakh kilolitres.
The entitled benefit from several schemes of the central government in the form of scholarship, subsidy, stipend, or other monetary benefits is directly transferred to the beneficiary’s bank account, under the ‘Direct Benefits Transfer’. It will eventually be linked to an ‘Aadhaar’ number. At present, the scheme has been rolled out for even the beneficiaries who do not have an Aadhaar number.
9. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bina Yojna
The Union Cabinet approved the launch of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana on 13 January, 2016. In this scheme the premium rates to be paid by the farmers are brought down significantly. It will enable more farmers to avail insurance cover against crop loss on account of natural calamities. The scheme came into effect from the kharif season.
Under this scheme, farmers have to pay a uniform premium of two percent for all kharif crops and 1.5 percent for all rabi crops. For annual horticultural and commercial crops, farmers have to pay a premium of 5 per cent. The remaining part of the premium will continue to be borne equally by the respective state governments and the Centre.
Presently, the Centre allocated Rs 3,100 Cr on account of its share of the premium for the 23 percent. The Centre’s financial liability would go up to Rs 5,700 Cr, once 30 per cent of the crop comes under insurance cover. This financial liability of the center is expected to cross a huge Rs 8,800 Cr once the target of bringing 50 per cent crop under insurance is achieved in three years.