New Wetland Conservation Rules notified by Centre Government
Wetland authority will publish a list of all wetlands situated in the States or UTs within three months.
The Union Ministry of Forest, Environment and Climate Change has recently notified the new Wetland Conservation Rules. These new conservations rules prohibit expansion or setting up of colonies or industries and disposal of demolition waste within the wetland areas.
Apart from that, the Union Government has said that each state and union territory (UT) has to establish an authority to define strategies for wetland conservation and to the wise use of these wetlands within their jurisdiction.
What is Wetland?
All those submerged areas either permanent or seasonal, are called wetlands. Natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, full-time wet or short-lived, stagnant water or unstable water, clean water or unhygienic, saline, muddy water - all these types of areas come under wetland. Each wetland has its own ecosystem. There is different biodiversity and botanical diversity can be seen in these wetlands. These wetlands are habitats for aquatic animals, birds, etc.
• As per the government’s notification, the wetland authority will publish a list of all wetlands situated in the States or UTs within three months from the date of publication of these rules.
• A wetland authority will prepare a comprehensive list of activities for wetlands. This list will have permitted and regulated activities within the notified wetlands and their zone of influence.
• According to the government notification, wetland authority will recommend mechanisms for preservation of ecological qualities of the area through promotional activities for land within the boundary of notified wetlands.
• Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has also launched a web portal for sharing information regarding the implementation of Wetlands Rules.
• All state governments and central government will have to upload relevant documents and information on this web portal.
National Wetland Management Committee
The National Wetland Management Committee was formed in 1987. The functions of this committee are as follows:
• To create a policy related to Wetland, to guide the conservation, management, and research of Wetland.
• Selecting a Wetland for Conservation.
• Reviewing the implementation of programs.
• To advise the preparation of disinvestment inventory over Indian Wetland.