National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) on 19 December 2014 released Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households for the Crop Year 2012-13. The survey was conducted between January 2013 and December 2013.
The survey focused on a common perception regarding agriculture — how it generates just 15 per cent of India’s GDP (2012-13 data) despite rural areas houses 68.8 per cent of the total population (2011 Census).
The survey aimed at capturing the condition of agricultural households in the rural areas of the country in the context of policies and programmes of Government of India.
A total number of 35200 households were surveyed in the first visit and 34907 of them were re-surveyed in second visit.
Highlights of the survey
• The survey found that hardly 58 per cent of rural households in India are engaged in farming activity, which, in turn, contributes not even 60 per cent to their average total monthly incomes.
• Only 9.02 crore (57.8 percent) out of the country’s estimated 15.61 crore rural households were agricultural. Agricultural was defined as those having at least one member self-employed in farming, either in principal or subsidiary status, during the last 365 days.
• Further, even within the 9.02 crore agricultural households, only 68.3 percent reported farming (i.e. cultivation, livestock rearing and other agricultural activity) as their principal source of income.
• A mere 39.5 percent of rural households today are dependent on agriculture as the source yielding the maximum share of income.
• Uttar Pradesh accounted for about 20 percent of all agricultural households in the country.
• Rajasthan had highest percentage of agricultural households (78.4 percent) among its rural households
• Kerala had the least percentage share of agricultural households (27.3 percent) in its rural households.
• Net receipts from cultivation and rearing of animals accounted for just 59.8 percent of the average Indian farming family’s monthly income.
• The remaining was from wage/salaried employment, non-farm business and other sources such as remittances, interest and dividends.
• Agricultural activities, comprising cultivation and livestock rearing, are reported to be the principal source of income for majority of agricultural households in all the major states.
• Kerala is the only state where about 61per cent of the agricultural households reported to have received maximum income from sources other than agricultural activities.
• More than half of marginal farmers (56 per cent), who possess less than 0.01 hectare plots, are not relying on agriculture as principal source of income. They rely on other sources like wages or employment salary as principal source of income.
• 13 per cent of the marginal farmers do not have ration cards.
• Out of total agri-households, 23 per cent of agricultural households depend on livestock as prime source of income.
• The households which possess 0.4 ha of land claimed that agriculture is the principal source of income for them.
• Forty-four per cent of total agricultural-households possess MGNREGA job cards.
Difference between 2003 Survey and 2012-13 Survey
Last survey on agricultural households was conducted in the 59th round in 2003. The only difference between the 2003 Survey and 2012-13 Survey is that there has been change in definition.
In 2003 Survey, agricultural households were defined as those possessing some land and the members were engaged in agricultural activities over a year. In 2012-13 Survey, agricultural households are defined as those whose value of agricultural produce is more than 3000 rupees and at least one member of a family is engaged in agricultural activities.
When: 19 December 2014