Opposition Croatian Democratic Union led by HDZ Party won the parliamentary elections of Croatia on 9 November 2015. The parliamentary elections were the first since the Balkan country Croatia joined the European Union (EU) in 2013.
On the basis of 99.5 percent of votes counted, the opposition conservatives HDZ party headed by former intelligence chief Tomislav Karamarko won 59 seats in the 151-seat parliament. On the other, the ruling Social Democrats (SDP) led by incumbent Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic got 56 seats.
However, no single party mustered enough votes to rule alone as they fell short of 76 seats needed for majority to form the government. The forming of government will depend upon several small parties that won the elections, especially the MOST or Bridge party.
The MOST is an alliance of independent candidates and it emerged as a powerful force in the election by winning 19 seats.
The Main issue in the Elections
The migration crisis was one of the main issues as the Balkan country in 2015 has become a transit hub for migrants, many from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. The cost of managing the arrivals has been close to 2 million kuna (284000 dollars) a day.
Besides, Croatia’s weak economy was also one of the main issues. The unemployment is at 15.4 percent, which is the third-highest in the EU, after Greece and Spain and the growth has been very little as the country has suffered six years of recession.
Croatian Constitution on Government Formation
According to the constitution, Croatia’s president must consult parliamentary parties and nominate a prime minister-designate who gains the support of the majority of lawmakers. If the prime minister-designate fails to form a new government within two months, new elections are called.
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When: 9 November 2015